First Philosophy I: Values and Society – Second Edition
Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy
  • Publication Date: July 8, 2011
  • ISBN: 9781551119724 / 1551119722
  • 392 pages; 7¾" x 9¼"

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First Philosophy I: Values and Society – Second Edition

Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy

  • Publication Date: July 8, 2011
  • ISBN: 9781551119724 / 1551119722
  • 392 pages; 7¾" x 9¼"

First Philosophy: Values and Society brings together classic and ground-breaking readings on ethics and political philosophy. Andrew Bailey’s highly regarded introductory anthology has been revised and updated in this new edition. The comprehensive introductory material for each chapter and selection remains, and new sections on philosophical puzzles and paradoxes and philosophical terminology have been added. New to this edition is an article by Susan Moller Okin on justice and gender.

First Philosophy is also available in complete and concise editions, which cover a full range of introductory philosophical topics.

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Praise for the first edition:

“I would recommend First Philosophy to anyone teaching an introductory philosophy course.” — Paul Churchland, University of California, San Diego

“This is an extremely well-done philosophy text. … [It] should become a standard in introductory philosophy classes.” — Patricia Blanchette, University of Notre Dame

First Philosophy has a good selection of articles for my purposes, and the accompanying introductory background material is absolutely brilliant.” — Jillian Scott McIntosh, Simon Fraser University

“The introductions are fabulous; students find them very helpful. Overall, First Philosophy is an excellent anthology for first-year students; the text has made my job significantly easier.” — Jennifer M. Phillips, Indiana University, Bloomington

“Bailey’s extensive and informative introductions are excellent and are a great help to both students and instructors. Bailey’s choice of readings along with his wonderful introductions make First Philosophy the best introductory philosophy text I have used.” — Marc Ereshefsky, University of Calgary

“The main difference between other anthologies and First Philosophy is Bailey’s supplementary material, which is excellent. The explicative material is likewise excellent: clear, highly relevant, useful, easily understood. The wonderful supplementary material makes this a very good text indeed.” — Jeff Foss, University of Victoria

First Philosophy combines a great selection of texts with thoughtful, accessible introductory material. It’s a wonderful, perfectly pitched introduction to the discipline for lower division students. It is always my first choice when I’m teaching ‘Intro.’” — Shannon Dea, University of Waterloo

How to Use This Book

Suggestions for Abridgement

Chapter 1: Philosophy

  • What Is Philosophy?
    A Brief Introduction to Arguments
    Introductory Tips on Reading and Writing Philosophy

Chapter 2: Ethics—How Ought We to Live Our Lives?

Introduction to the Question


  • Republic, Book II (357a–367e)


  • from The Nicomachean Ethics, Books I, II, and X

Immanuel Kant

  • Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, First and Second Sections

John Stuart Mill

  • Utilitarianism, Chapters 1–4

Friedrich Nietzsche

  • Beyond Good and Evil, §§259–261

Virginia Held

  • “Feminist Transformations of Moral Theory”

Mary Midgley

  • “Is a Dolphin a Person?”

Chapter 3: Social/Political Philosophy—What Is Justice?

Introduction to the Question


  • The Nicomachean Ethics, Book V, Sections 1-5

Thomas Hobbes

  • from Leviathan, Parts I and II

John Stuart Mill

  • from On Liberty

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

  • from The Communist Manifesto

Simone de Beauvoir

  • The Second Sex, Introduction

John Rawls

  • Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, Part II: “Principles of Justice,” §§12-13

Robert Nozick

  • from Anarchy, State, and Utopia

Susan Moller Okin

  • “Justice and Gender”

Appendix 1: Philosophical Puzzles and Paradoxes

Appendix 2: Philosophical Lexicon

Image Credits


Sources for Quotations

Andrew Bailey is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Philosophy, University of Guelph.

Robert M. Martin is Professor of Philosophy (retired), Dalhousie University.

First Philosophy offers companion sites and extra content for both instructors and students.

The instructor site features teaching notes on many authors, suggested essay topics, and questions for discussion as well as multiple-choice review questions on each of the book’s readings, which can be downloaded as Word files or in a digital format that can be uploaded to many Learning Management Systems (Blackboard, Moodle, etc.). An access code to the website is included with all examination copies.

The student companion site has additional readings, interactive self-test quizzes, materials on writing about philosophy, and sample essays. An access code to the website is included with all new copies. If you purchased a used copy or are missing your passcode for this site, please click here to purchase a code online.

Sample introductions and readings:

John Stuart Mill, from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

Simon de Beauvoir, from The Second Sex

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