Readings in the Philosophy of Religion – Third Edition
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  • Publication Date: February 28, 2017
  • ISBN: 9781554812769 / 1554812763
  • 575 pages; 7" x 9"
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Readings in the Philosophy of Religion – Third Edition

  • Publication Date: February 28, 2017
  • ISBN: 9781554812769 / 1554812763
  • 575 pages; 7" x 9"

This anthology contains the best of both classical and contemporary sources, offering a balanced historical approach to the philosophy of religion while reflecting the latest developments in the field. The included readings grapple with issues that are existentially compelling and provocative regardless of one’s religious leanings. Topics are covered in a point-counterpoint manner designed to foster deep reflection. This third edition contains an entirely new section on early Chinese religion as well as new essays on religious language, feminism, and the cognitive science of religion.

Comments

COMMENTS on previous editions

“This is an excellent collection, combining the best of the classical treatments of these venerable topics with fine contemporary readings (some of them unique to this volume). It also contains a judicious mixture of arguments in favor of theism and arguments against. Finally, the book is to be commended for including a larger number of pieces by women than these volumes usually do.” — John Hare, Yale University

“Clark’s judicious selections are accessible to undergraduates; nevertheless, the anthology thoroughly covers the important topics and covers them in professionally fine style.” — Alvin Plantinga, University of Notre Dame

Part One: Arguments for the Existence of God

Introduction: Arguments for the Existence of God

Chapter 1: The Ontological Argument

  • St. Anselm and Gaunilo, “The Ontological Argument”
    Laura Garcia, “Ontological Arguments for God’s Existence”

Chapter 2: The Cosmological Argument

  • Thomas Aquinas, “The Five Ways”
    Gottfried Willhelm Leibniz, “On the Ultimate Origination of Things”
    William Lane Craig, “The Kalaam Version of the Cosmological Argument”

Chapter 3: The Argument from Design

  • William Paley, “The Watch and the Watchmaker”
    David Hume, “Critique of the Argument from Design”
    Robin Collins, “The Fine-Tuning Argument”

Chapter 4: Moral Arguments

  • Plato, “Euthyphro”
    Robert Merrihew Adams, “Moral Arguments for Theistic Belief”
    Linda Zagzebski, “Does Ethics Need God?”

Chapter 5: Religious Experience

  • William P. Alston, “The Experiential Basis of Theism”

Chapter 6: Naturalism Refuted?

  • Alvin Plantinga, “The Self-Refutation of Naturalism”

Chapter 7: The Balance of Probabilities

  • Richard Swinburne, “A Cumulative Case for the Existence of God”
    J.L. Mackie, “The Balance of Probabilities”

Chapter 8: Reflections on Arguments for the Existence of God

  • Alvin Plantinga, “Arguing for God”
    William J. Wainwright, “The Nature of Reason”
    Suggestions for Further Study

Part Two: Reason and Belief in God

Introduction

Chapter 9: The Need for Evidence

  • W.K. Clifford, “The Ethics of Belief ”

Chapter 10: Reformed Epistemology

  • Kelly James Clark, “Without Evidence or Argument”

Chapter 11: Wittgensteinian Fideism

  • Norman Malcolm, “The Groundlessness of Belief”

Chapter 12: Pragmatic Justification of Religious Belief

  • Blaise Pascal, “The Wager”
    William James, “The Will to Believe”

Chapter 13: Debunking Religious Belief

  • Paul Bloom, “Is God an Accident?”
    Aku Visala and David Leach, “Naturalistic Explanations of Belief in God”

Chapter 14: Reflections on Reason and Belief in God

  • Raymond J. VanArragon, “Reconciling Reason and Religious Belief”

Part Three: Critiques of God

Introduction

Chapter 15: The Hermeneutics of Suspicion

  • Karl Marx, “The Opium of the Masses”
    Friedrich Nietzsche, “Religion as Resentment”
    Sigmund Freud, “The Future of an Illusion”

Chapter 16: Reflections on the Hermeneutics of Suspicion

  • Merold Westphal, “Taking Suspicion Seriously: The Religious Uses of Modern Atheism”

Part Four: God and Human Suffering

Introduction

Chapter 17: The Problem of Evil

  • David Hume, “God and Evil”

Chapter 18: Plantinga’s Free Will Defense

  • Paul Tidman, “The Free Will Defense”

Chapter 19: Theodicy

  • John Hick, “The Soul-Making Theodicy”
    Marilyn McCord Adams, “Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God”
    Daniel Howard-Snyder, “Theodicy”

Chapter 20: The Evidential Problem of Evil

  • William Rowe, “The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism”
    Daniel Howard-Snyder, “Rowe’s Argument from Particular Horrors”

Chapter 21: Reflections on God and Human Suffering

  • Nicholas Wolterstorff, “The Silence of the God Who Speaks”

Part Five: Divine Language & Attributes

Introduction

Chapter 22: Speaking of God

  • Thomas Aquinas, “Speaking of God”
    Dan R. Stiver, “‘The Greatest Thing by Far’: Metaphor as the Hermeneutical Key to Hermeneutics”
    Elizabeth Burns, “Classical and Revisionary Theism on the Divine as Personal”

Chapter 23: Does God Suffer?

  • Johannes Scotus Eriugena, “Divine Impassibility”
    Nicholas Wolterstorff, “Suffering Love”

Chapter 24: Prayer

  • Thomas Aquinas, “Whether It Is Becoming to Pray”
    Eleonore Stump, “Petitionary Prayer”

Chapter 25: Is There a Hell?

  • Stephen T. Davis, “Universalism, Hell, and the Fate of the Ignorant”
    Marilyn McCord Adams, “The Problem of Hell: A Problem of Evil For Christians”

Chapter 26: Religious Diversity

  • John Hick, “The Philosophy of Religious Pluralism”
    Peter van Inwagen, “Non Est Hick”
    Jeanine Diller, “Multiple Religious Orientation”

Chapter 27: Feminist Theology

  • Patricia Altenbernd Johnson, “Feminist Christian Philosophy?”
    Harriet Baber, “The Market for Feminist Epistemology”

Chapter 28: Reflections on Divine Language & Attributes

  • Stephen T. Davis, “Three Conceptions of God in Contemporary Christian Philosophy”

Part Six: Chinese Philosophy of Religion

Introduction

Chapter 29: The Texts

  • “The Announcement to the Prince of Kang”
    The Book of Rites
    The Book of Odes
    The Analects
    The Dao De Jing

Chapter 30: High God(s) in Early Chinese Thought

  • Kelly James Clark and Justin Winslett, “The Evolutionary Psychology of Chinese Religion”

Chapter 31: “Confucian” Religion

  • Robert Louden, “‘What does Heaven Say?’ Christian Wolff and Western Interpretations of Confucian Ethics.”
    Ronnie Littlejohn, “Confucius on Religious Experience”

Chapter 32: Reflections on the Daodejing

  • Franklin Perkins, “Divergences within the Lǎozǐ”

Chapter 33: Ritual, Religion and Naturalism

  • Edward J. Machle, “Xunzi as a Religious Philosopher”
    Sor-Hoon Tan, “Li (Ritual/Rite) and Tian (Heaven/Nature) in the Xunzi: Does Confucian Li Need Metaphysics?”

Kelly James Clark is in the Honors Program at Brooks College and is Senior Research Fellow at the Kaufman Interfaith Institute at Grand Valley State University. He is the author or editor of many books in the philosophy of religion, including Religion and the Sciences of Origins, When Faith is Not Enough, and Return to Reason.