United States Immigration, 1800-1965: A History in Documents
(From the Broadview Sources Series)
  • Publication Date: April 30, 2020
  • ISBN: 9781554814572 / 155481457X
  • 240 pages; 7" x 9"

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United States Immigration, 1800-1965: A History in Documents

(From the Broadview Sources Series)

  • Publication Date: April 30, 2020
  • ISBN: 9781554814572 / 155481457X
  • 240 pages; 7" x 9"

Recent debates over immigration have given rise to a complex spectrum of opinions, attitudes, and emotions. In fact, these debates have been a hallmark of the American nation since its earliest days. In United States Immigration, 1800-1965 James Pula provides a compact yet diverse selection of primary documents that illuminate immigration as one of the defining features of the American social, cultural, and political landscape.

A wide array of primary sources is included: documents written by immigrants that chronicle their own experiences; examples of pro- and anti-immigration sentiments and arguments; and government documents, including immigration laws and federal court rulings on issues related to immigration and immigrant rights. In all, 71 documents (including 20 images) help to tell the story of United States immigration from roughly 1800 through to the Hart-Celler Act of 1965.

Acknowledgements
Introduction
Chronology: United States Immigration Timeline, 1790-1965
Questions to Consider

Documents

  • A. Documents By Immigrants
    • 1. Christina Källström Writes Home to Sweden in 1848
    • 2. California Landowners Protest the Difficulties in Retaining their Property Rights in 1859
    • 3. The New York Tribune Urges Irish Residents to Vote for Irish Candidates in 1867
    • 4. Chinese Immigrant Huie Kin Meets America in 1868
    • 5. Friedrich Kapp Describes the Immigrant’s Arrival in New York in 1870
    • 6. Philippe Lemay Explains Why French Canadians Migrated to New England in the Late 19th Century
    • 7. Saum Song Bo Comments on the Irony of the Statue of Liberty in 1885
    • 8. Rose Cohen Describes Leaving Russia for America in 1892
    • 9. The Treatment of Italian Contract Labor Workers in 1893
    • 10. Carl Schurz Explains the Importance of Language Retention to Immigrants in 1897
    • 11. Rosa Sonneschein Discusses the Assimilation of Female Jews in America
    • 12. The Polish Woman’s Alliance of America in 1898
    • 13. The Sons of Italy Organization in 1905
    • 14. Rev. Wacław Kruszka Describes a Distinct Type of Pole in America in 1908
    • 15. An Italian Family Arrives at Ellis Island in 1912
    • 16. Mexicans in Chicago React to Repatriation in 1929
    • 17. Political Cartoon: “Costly Cleanup of the Yalta Stain,” 1950
    • 18. Photograph: New Country, New Name
  • B. Documents About Immigrants
    • Pro-Immigrant
      • 19. Thomas Nichols Explains Why Immigration is Good for America in 1845
      • 20. Putnam’s Monthly Responds to the Know-Nothings in May 1855
      • 21. Bishop Martin J. Spalding Supports Allowing Immigrants to Vote in 1855
      • 22. Political Cartoon: Everyone is Welcome at the Table
      • 23. Political Cartoon: When political parties think alike
      • 24. Political Cartoon: A refuge from danger and suffering
      • 25. Senator George F. Hoar Opposes the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882
      • 26. Photograph: How the other half lives
      • 27. Political Cartoon: What if indigenous people opposed immigration?
      • 28. Daniel De Leon Challenges the National Liberal Immigration League in 1907
      • 29. Percy Grant Agues for the Value of Education in Promoting Assimilation in 1912
      • 30. Illustration: A time for unity
      • 31. Political Cartoon: A new roadblock to opportunity
      • 32. Rev. T. J. Brennan Opposes the Literacy Test in 1917
      • 33. Harris Weinstock Refutes Anti-immigrant Claims by Organized Labor in 1917
      • 34. Melvin B. Tolson has a “Rendezvous with America,” 1944
      • 35. Photograph: Operation Pedro Pan, 1960-1962
      • 36. Political Cartoon: Remodeling the Statue of Liberty
    • Anti-Immigrant
      • 37. Congressman Lewis C. Levin Argues Against Immigrants Voting in 1847
      • 38. Political Cartoon: The immigrant and the vote
      • 39. Political Cartoon/Advertisement: The Know-Nothing Platform
      • 40. The New York Mirror Argues that America Ought to be Reserved for Americans in 1855
      • 41. Thomas Whitney Argues that the Catholic Church is Not Compatible with Democratic Institutions in 1856
      • 42. Political Cartoon: Raising public fear over religion
      • 43. Political Cartoon: Older immigrants claim precedence over newer arrivals
      • 44. Political Cartoon: Who is welcome?
      • 45. Henry Cabot Lodge Calls on the Senate to Enact a Literacy Test in 1896
      • 46. John Mitchell Argues that Immigration Hurts Labor in 1909
      • 47. Madison Grant Uses Racial Arguments for Immigration Restriction in 1916
      • 48. Political Cartoon: Stoking political fears
      • 49. Political Cartoon: The ethnic filter
  • C. Government Documents
    • Reports
      • 50. Thomas Jefferson’s First Annual Message to Congress
      • 51. A New York Commission Investigates Disease on the Sailing Ship Leibnitz
      • 52. The New York State Commissioners of Immigration Explain the Purpose of Castle Garden in 1870
      • 53. Mary Kingsbury Describes Life in New York City in 1898
      • 54. President Harry Truman Vetoes the McCarran-Walter Act, 1952
      • 55. The Attorney General Supports Immigration Reform, 1965
    • Legislation
      • 56. The Steerage Act of 1819
      • 57. The Naturalization Act of 1870
      • 58. The Page Act of 1875
      • 59. America Closes the Door to the Chinese in 1882
      • 60. The Immigration Act of 1885
      • 61. Congress Moves to Further Limit Immigration in 1891
      • 62. The Immigration Act of 1903 Excludes Anarchists
      • 63. Congress Establishes a Literacy Test Requirement for Immigration in 1917
      • 64. The Immigration Act of 1921 Establishes Nationality Quotas
      • 65. The Immigration Act of 1924 Restricts Entry into the U.S.
      • 66. The McCarran-Walter Act, 1952
      • 67. The Hart-Celler Act of 1965
    • Court Cases
      • 68. Ho Ah Kow Sues to Protect His Dignity and Sets a Legal Precedent in 1879
      • 69. Won Kim Ark Tests the Fourteenth Amendment in 1898
      • 70. The Supreme Court Denies Naturalization to Japanese Immigrants in 1922
      • 71. U.S. v. Bhagat Singh Thind

Epilogue
Glossary of Terms
Select Bibliography

James S. Pula is Professor of History at Purdue University Northwest. He is the author of Polish Americans: An Ethnic Community and editor of The Polish American Encyclopedia.

  • • Affordable and compact
  • • Collects diverse perspectives from an assortment of political and social spheres, including immigrants’ own descriptive accounts, pro- and anti-immigration sentiments, and government and legal documents
  • • Features 71 documents in total, including 20 B/W images (political cartoons, illustrations, and photographs)
  • • A wide-ranging introduction provides comprehensive background information
  • • Thorough headnotes and marginal glossing guide the reader through the documents