The Elements of Arguments introduces such central critical thinking topics as informal fallacies, the difference between validity and truth, basic formal propositional logic, and how to extract arguments from texts. Turetzky aims to prevent common confusions by clearly explaining a number of important distinctions, including: propositions vs. propositional attitudes, propositions vs. states of affairs, and logic vs. rhetoric vs. psychology. Exercises are provided throughout, including numerous informal arguments that can be assessed using the skills and strategies presented within the text.
The Elements of Arguments: An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Logic
Introduction for Students
Introduction for Instructors
Chapter I: Basic Definitions and Structure of the Text
- Part I – Arguments
- Part II – Some Types of Arguments and Standards of Evaluation
Chapter II: Propositions
- Part I – Truth and Falsity of Propositions
- Part II – Identifying Propositions
- Part III – Logic and Rhetoric
- Part IV – Informal Fallacies
Chapter III: Compound Propositions and Truth Functional Connectives
- Part I – Logical Negation
- Part II – Logical Conjunction
- Part III – Logical Disjunction
- Part IV – Truth Functional Conditionals
Chapter IV: Logical Relations
- Part I – Definitions of Some Logical Relations
- Part II – Modal Concepts
- Part III – Informal Fallacies of Equivocation
Chapter V: Argument Forms and their Evaluation
- Part I – Argument Forms
- Part II – Testing for Validity
- Part III – From Validity to Soundness
Chapter VI: Arguments in Ordinary Language
- Part I – Identifying Arguments
- Part II – Diagramming the Flow of Premises and Conclusions
- Part III – Principles of Interpretation: Enthymemes
- Part IV – Argument Assessment Strategies
- — A rigorous introduction to logic and critical thinking.
- — Emphasizes the importance of clarity with regard to potentially–misleading conceptual distinctions such as propositions vs. propositional attitudes and logic vs. rhetoric.
- — Introduces the basic elements of formal logic, including truth tables and their use in the assessment of deductive arguments.
- — Exercises are provided throughout the book, with solutions available to instructors.
- — A separate website offers instructors a substantial collection of additional exercises and solutions.