Nineteenth-Century Science
An Anthology
  • Publication Date: March 10, 2000
  • ISBN: 9781551111650 / 1551111659
  • 512 pages; 7" x 9"

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Nineteenth-Century Science

An Anthology

  • Publication Date: March 10, 2000
  • ISBN: 9781551111650 / 1551111659
  • 512 pages; 7" x 9"

Nineteenth-Century Science is a science anthology which provides over 30 selections from original 19th-century scientific monographs, textbooks and articles written by such authors as Charles Darwin, Mary Somerville, J.W. Goethe, John Dalton, Charles Lyell and Hermann von Helmholtz. The volume surveys scientific discovery and thought from Jean-Baptiste Lamarck’s theory of evolution of 1809 to the isolation of radium by Marie and Pierre Curie in 1898. Each selection opens with a biographical introduction, situating each scientist and discovery within the context of history and culture of the period. Each entry is also followed by a list of further suggested reading on the topic. A broad range of technical and popular material has been included, from Mendeleev’s detailed description of the periodic table to Faraday’s highly accessible lecture for young people on the chemistry of a burning candle.

The anthology will be of interest to the general reader who would like to explore in detail the scientific, cultural, and intellectual development of the nineteenth-century, as well as to students and teachers who specialize in the science, literature, history, or sociology of the period. The book provides examples from all the disciplines of western science-chemistry, physics, medicine, astronomy, biology, evolutionary theory, etc. The majority of the entries consist of complete, unabridged journal articles or book chapters from original 19th-century scientific texts.

Comments


“Weber has given us the best anthology of nineteenth-century science available. Drawing on a wide variety of rich sources, from Paley to Dalton, Lyell, Chambers, Combe, Darwin, Pasteur, Helmholtz, Huxley, and Curie, among others, Weber opens a window onto the fascinating world of nineteenth-century science.” — Bernard Lightman, Professor of Humanities, York University, and author of Victorian Science in Context (University of Chicago Press).

List of illustrations
Acknowledgements
Introduction

  1. BENJAMIN BANNEKER
    Benjamin Banneker’s Pennsylvania Almanack, 1783
    Banneker’s New-Jersey Almanac, 1795
  2. XAVIER BICHAT
    Physiological Researches on Life and Death
  3. WILLIAM PALEY
    Natural Theology
  4. ERASMUS DARWIN
    The Temple of Nature
  5. JOHN DALTON
    A New System of Chemical Philosophy
  6. JEAN-BAPTISTE LAMARCK
    Zoological Philosophy
  7. JOHANN WOLFGANG GOETHE
    Theory of Colours
  8. ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT
    The Island of Cuba
  9. CHARLES BABBAGE
    Reflections on the Decline of Science in England
  10. CHARLES LYELL
    Principles of Geology
  11. MARY FAIRFAX SOMERVILLE
    On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences
  12. THEODOR SCHWANN
    Microscopical Researches
  13. NIKOLAI IVANOVICH LOBACHEVSKY
    Geometrical Researches on the Theory of Parallels
  14. ROBERT CHAMBERS
    Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation
  15. GEORGE COMBE
    The Constitution of Man
  16. WILLIAM WHEWELL
    The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences
  17. HERBERT SPENCER
    Social Statics
  18. AUGUSTE COMTE
    The Positive Philosophy
  19. CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN
    Origin of Species
    Descent of Man
  20. LOUIS PASTEUR
    Infusorian Animalcules Living Without Free Oxygen
    Experiments Related to Spontaneous Generation

  21. MICHAEL FARADAY
    Chemical History of a Candle
  22. FRIEDRICH MAX MÜLLER
    The Science of Language
  23. HERMANN VON HELMHOLTZ
    On the Conservation of Force

  24. JAMES CLERK MAXWELL
    A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field

  25. CLAUDE BERNARD
    Introduction à I’étude de la médecine expérimentale
  26. JOSEPH LISTER
    On the Antiseptic Principle in the Practice of Surgery

  27. SIR FRANCIS GALTON
    Hereditary Genius
  28. JOHN TYNDALL
    The Belfast Address
  29. WILLIAM THOMSON, LORD KELVIN
    Review of Evidence Regarding the Physical Condition of the Earth

  30. DMITRII IVANOVICH MENDELEEV
    The Periodic Law of the Chemical Elements

  31. WILLIAM JAMES
    The Principles of Psychology
  32. THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY
    Evolution and Ethics
  33. WILHELM CONRAD RÖNTGEN
    On a New Kind of Rays

  34. MARIE SKLODOWSKA CURIE
    The Discovery of Radium

  35. GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER
    Feeding Acorns
  36. ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE
    On the Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type
    The Wonderful Century

Index of Names
Index of Topics

A.S. Weber of The State University of New York at Binhamton is also the author of Women Almanac Writers and of scholarly articles on such writers as Christina Rossetti and Matthew Arnold.