Miracles of the Virgin in Middle English
A Broadview Anthology of British Literature edition
  • Publication Date: September 1, 2015
  • ISBN: 9781554812561 / 1554812569
  • 150 pages; 5½" x 8½"

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Miracles of the Virgin in Middle English

A Broadview Anthology of British Literature edition

  • Publication Date: September 1, 2015
  • ISBN: 9781554812561 / 1554812569
  • 150 pages; 5½" x 8½"

During the Middle Ages, Mary was the most powerful of saints, and the combination of her humanity and her proximity to the divine captured the medieval imagination. Her importance is nowhere more clearly reflected than in the genre of “Miracles of the Virgin,” short narrative accounts of Mary’s miraculous intercessory powers. These stories tend to fit a basic narrative pattern in which Mary saves a devoted believer from spiritual or physical danger—but beneath this surface simplicity, the Miracles frequently evoke fine or revealing theological, social, and cultural distinctions. They are remarkably various in tone, ranging from the darkly serious to the comically scandalous, and many display anti-Semitism to a greater degree or with greater punch than do other medieval genres. Mary herself takes on a variety of characteristics, appearing as dominant and persuasive more often than she appears as gentle and maternal.

This volume offers a small but representative sampling of what survives of this literature in the English language. The Middle English has been helpfully glossed and annotated, and is lightly modernized for ease of reading; one particularly challenging story is translated in facing-page format. The “In Context” sections provide relevant biblical passages and medieval versions of the Christian prayers frequently evoked in the miracles; additional samples of Marian poetry and medieval illustrations of Marian miracles are also included.

Comments

“The texts are well-chosen, sensitively modernized, and either translated or appropriately glossed, making the volume useful both for research and teaching. Boyarin’s strategic inclusion of Biblical passages, extra poems, prayers, and illustrations very helpfully put the miracle stories ‘In Context.’ A reliable resource [offering] fascinating material!” — Laura Saetveit Miles, University of Bergen

“[A] well-chosen selection of tales along with Gospel readings, prayers, devotional poems, and manuscript illuminations to help place the telling of the Middle English tales in context. The annotations provide liturgical and scriptural references and definitions of more obscure words, but for the most part the interpretation is left to the reader. Who was this great Lady, ‘Quene of Comforthe and Moder of Merci,’ to whom medieval English Christians offered their service? As the tales retold here almost mischievously suggest, not even her servants seem to have known for sure.” — Rachel Fulton Brown, University of Chicago

“Reading through the selections Williams Boyarin has chosen from the vast array of Middle English Marian literature is like going on a tour with a very experienced guide—one who knows what will surprise and delight the most, and what information must be provided to help the visitor make the most of what they are seeing. As a reader familiar with Marian devotion and its literature, I found the texts included to be engaging and telling examples of the rich tradition and range of roles Mary fills … For students or other newcomers to the field, this book can serve as an enticing and efficient introduction to study of the English Marian cult over time and across genres … I can easily imagine using this collection as a textbook in an undergraduate or graduate course on medieval spirituality or Middle English literature … [T]here is no doubt that this collection will spark new interest in a very rich area of medieval religious literature and experience.” — Wendy Larson, The Medieval Review

Introduction

Miracles of the Virgin in Middle English

  1. from The South English Legendary, “St Theophilus” (c. 1280)
  2. from the Vernon Manuscript, “Miracles of Ure Lady” (c. 1390)
  3. from John Mirk’s Festial, Sermon for Candlemas (c. 1390)
  4. from British Library MS 37049, Marian Praise and Miracles (c. 1460–70)
  5. from a Late-Medieval Sermon Book, A Marian Incest Tale (c.1460–1500)

In Context

  1. Mary in the Bible
    1. The Gospel According to Matthew 1.18–25 and 2.7–21
    2. The Gospel According to Luke 1.26–56 and 2.1–51
  2. Prayers Evoked in the Miracles
    1. Two Versions of the Ave Maria (Hail Mary)
    2. Paternoster (Our Father)
    3. Credo (I Believe, or the Creed)
    4. Alma redemptoris mater (Kind Mother of the Redeemer)
    5. Salve sancta parens (Hail Holy Parent)
    6. Confiteor (I Confess)
  3. Marian Prayer-Poems in Related Manuscripts
    1. Three Poems from the Vernon Manuscript
    2. Two Poems from British Library MS Additional 37049
  4. Illustrations of Marian Miracles from Medieval English Books

Adrienne Williams Boyarin is Associate Professor in the Department of English at the University of Victoria. She is also the editor and translator of The Siege of Jerusalem (Broadview, 2014) and the author of Miracles of the Virgin in Medieval England: Law and Jewishness in Marian Legends (Boydell & Brewer, 2010).