Mathilda
  • Publication Date: August 29, 2017
  • ISBN: 9781554812271 / 1554812275
  • 208 pages; 5½" x 8½"

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Mathilda

  • Publication Date: August 29, 2017
  • ISBN: 9781554812271 / 1554812275
  • 208 pages; 5½" x 8½"

Mary Shelley’s Mathilda, the story of one woman’s existential struggle after learning of her father’s desire for her, has been identified as Shelley’s most important work after Frankenstein. The two texts share many characteristics, besides authorship and contemporaneity: both concern parental abandonment; both contribute to the Gothic form through themes of incest, insanity, suicidality, monstrosity, and isolation; and both are epistolary. However, Mathilda was not published until 1959, 140 years after Shelley wrote it—in part because Shelley’s father, William Godwin, suppressed it. This new edition encourages a critical reconsideration of a novella that has been critically stereotyped as biographical and explores its importance to the Romantic debate about suicide.

Historical appendices trace the connections between Mathilda and other works by Shelley and by her mother, Mary Wollstonecraft, while also providing biographical documents, contemporary works on the theme of incest, and documents on suicide in the Romantic era.

Comments

“The Broadview Press edition of Mathilda fills a gap in Romantic studies. The long-suppressed work (Godwin refused to return the manuscript) wasn’t published until 1959, and its immediate critical reception was almost entirely biographical. Michelle Faubert’s astute introduction to this new edition offers a scrupulous account of the work’s critical reception and opens new possibilities for understanding what she calls a ‘purgatorial text.’ The judicious appendices, a hallmark of Broadview Editions, situate Shelley’s novella in the contexts of its immediate intertexts, of its central place in contemporaneous suicide debates, and, crucially, of representations of incest and the Gothic. A paperback edition makes a hitherto neglected text widely available. The sophisticated editorial care evident throughout ensures that this will also serve as the standard scholarly edition.” —Alan Vardy, Hunter College, City University of New York

“Michelle Faubert’s beautifully edited version of Mathilda is the first widely available edition to come from a transcription of Shelley’s original 1819 fair copy. Faubert’s lucid and elegant introduction situates Mathilda in the context of Shelley’s earlier Frankenstein (1818) and later novella The Mourner (1830) and discusses its troubled publication history and recent critical reception. Faubert provides a wide range of well-chosen supplementary material to complement both novice and returning readers’ appreciation for and study of Mathilda. This edition should become the standard classroom text of Shelley’s important, engaging, and notorious second novel.” —Katherine Montwieler, University of North Carolina Wilmington

Awknowledgements
Introduction
Mary Shelley: A Brief Chronology
A Note on the Text

Mathilda

Appendix A: The Romantic-Era Suicide Debate

  1. From William Godwin, An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, and Its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness (1793)
  2. From David Hume, Essays on Suicide and the Immortality of the Soul (1783)
  3. From William Rowley, A Treatise on Female, Nervous, Hysterical, Hypochondriacal, Bilious, Convulsive Diseases. Apoplexy and Palsy; with thoughts on Madness, Suicide, &c. (1788)
  4. From John Francis, “Sermon III. On Self-Murder” (1749)
  5. From Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, The Sorrows of Werter: A German Story (1774)
  6. From Lord Byron, Manfred, A Dramatic Poem (1817?)
  7. William Wordsworth, “The Complaint of a Forsaken Indian Woman” (1798)

Appendix B: Family Resemblances

  1. Full-Detail Transcription from Mary Shelley’s Manuscript of “Mathilda”
  2. From Mary Shelley, “The Fields of Fancy” (1819)
  3. From Mary Shelley, “The Mourner” (1830)
  4. From Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus (1818)
  5. From Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary, A Fiction (1788)
  6. From Mary Wollstonecraft, The Wrongs of Woman, or Maria (1798)
  7. From Mary Wollstonecraft, “Cave of Fancy” (1787)

Appendix C: Incest, the Gothic, and Literary Forebears

  1. From Percy Bysshe Shelley, The Cenci (1819)
  2. From Percy Bysshe Shelley, Laon and Cythna, or, The Revolution of the Golden City (1818)
  3. From Vittorio Alfieri, Myrrha: A Tragedy. The Tragedies of Vittorio Alfieri (1815)
  4. From Matthew Lewis, The Monk (1796)
  5. From Horace Walpole, The Castle of Otranto: A Gothic Story (1764)
  6. From John Polidori, Ernestus Berchtold; or,The Modern Oedipus: A Tale (1819)

Appendix D: Biographical Context: Shelley’s Letters and Journals

  1. William Godwin, “Letter from Godwin to Shelley Following Fanny Imlay’s Suicide” (13 October 1816)
  2. From Harriet Shelley, “Harriet Shelley’s Suicide Letter” (7[?] December 1816)
  3. Mary Shelley and Claire Clairmont, “Mary’s Letter to Friends on Her Son’s Final Illness” (3 and 5 June 1819)
  4. William Godwin, Manuscript Letter to Mary Shelley (9 September 1819)

Works Cited and Select Bibliography

Michelle Faubert is Associate Professor of English at the University of Manitoba. She is the editor of the Broadview Edition of Mary Wollstonecraft’s Mary, a Fiction and Maria.