Using sentence diagraming, Grammar by Diagram explains how ten basic sentence patterns can be expanded into more complex sentences, and how verbals can provide further versatility. The third edition includes more exercises at the foundational level, and also more focus on how to arrange and combine sentences for maximum effect. This edition also includes a new initial chapter on “preliminaries” to define a few basic but overarching concepts and a separate chapter on pronouns.
“Grammar for English majors is as important as mathematics for Physics majors; it is the invisible structure that determines how language works. Unlike math, however, almost everyone learns to speak a language well without studying it in school. Grammar is an unconscious logical structure we know without knowing it. Cindy Vitto’s Grammar by Diagram makes it conscious and comprehensible, and will improve students’ writing and analytical skills, no matter their majors.” — Gordon Sayre, University of Oregon
Chapter 1 Preliminaries
Chapter 2 The Eight Parts of Speech: Building a Sentence with Noun or Pronoun + Verb
Chapter 3 The Eight Parts of Speech—Adding Information and Connections: Adjective, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection
Chapter 4 Basic Sentence Patterns for Be and Linking Verbs
Chapter 5 Basic Sentence Patterns for Intransitive and Transitive Verbs
Chapter 6 Combining and Expanding Patterns: Compound Structures
Chapter 7 Combining and Expanding Patterns: Complex Sentences with Adverb and Relative Clauses
Chapter 8 Combining and Expanding Patterns: Complex Sentences with Noun Clauses
Chapter 9 Verbals
Chapter 10 Crafting Better Sentences
Chapter 11 Verbs
Chapter 12 Pronouns
Chapter 13 Usage Problems Associated with Adjectives and Adverbs
Chapter 14 Punctuation and Capitalization
Appendix 1 Summary of Clauses and Verbals
Appendix 2 Diagraming Summary
Appendix 3 Verb Conjugations (See and Be)
Appendix 4 The Least You Should Know about Punctuation and Usage
Features of the third edition:
- • Rather than interweaving descriptive and prescriptive chapters and information, the third edition keeps them separate.
- • Includes more exercises at the foundational level (for example, more attention to recognizing parts of speech) and also more focus on how to arrange and combine sentences for maximum effect.
- • Includes an initial chapter on “preliminaries” to define a few basic but overarching concepts and a separate chapter on pronouns, which have undergone dramatic shifts since the second edition of this text.