and Other Poetic and Philosophical Writings
  • Publication Date: August 14, 2009
  • ISBN: 9781551117461 / 1551117460
  • 256 pages; 8½" x 5½"

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and Other Poetic and Philosophical Writings

  • Publication Date: August 14, 2009
  • ISBN: 9781551117461 / 1551117460
  • 256 pages; 8½" x 5½"

The philosophical problem of evil—that a supposedly good God could allow terrible human suffering—troubled the minds of eighteenth-century thinkers as it troubles us today. Voltaire’s classic novel Candide relates the misadventures of a young optimist who leaves his sheltered childhood to find his way in a cruel and irrational world. Fast-paced and full of dark humor, the novel mocks the suggestion that “all is well” and challenges us to create a better world.

This Broadview Edition follows the text of a 1759 English translation that was released concurrently with Voltaire’s first French edition. Candide is supplemented by Voltaire’s most important poetic and humanistic writings on God and evil, the Poem upon the Destruction of Lisbon and We Must Take Sides. The editor’s introduction situates the novel in its philosophical and intellectual setting; the appendices include other writings by Voltaire, as well as related writings by Bayle, Leibniz, Pope, Rousseau, and others that place the work in its poetic, philosophical, and humanistic contexts.


“Eric Palmer’s new edition brings us the ‘authentic’ English voice of Candide by presenting the text of one of the very earliest translations. In addition to useful footnotes and a bibliography, the volume contains a substantial introduction and extensive appendices that include translated extracts from a number of key philosophical and literary texts by Voltaire and others. This edition situates Candide firmly in the context of philosophy and the history of ideas, allowing the reader to engage fully with the debates it raised. This important new edition will interest students and scholars at all levels.” — Nicholas Cronk, Professor of French Literature, University of Oxford and Director, Voltaire Foundation

Preface and Acknowledgements
Voltaire: A Brief Chronology
A Note on the Text

Candide, Chapter XXII, revised version (1761)

Appendix A: Poetic Contexts

  1. From Alexander Pope, An Essay on Man (1734)
  2. From Voltaire, Poem upon the Destruction of Lisbon (1756)
  3. From Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Letter to Voltaire on Optimism (1756)

Appendix B: Philosophical Contexts

  1. From Pierre Bayle, Historical and Critical Dictionary
  2. From Voltaire, “Of Good and Evil, Physical and Moral,” Philosophical Dictionary (1764)
  3. From Gottfried Leibniz, Essays of Theodicy (1710)
  4. Voltaire, “Theist,” Philosophical Dictionary (1764)
  5. From Abbé Noël Antoine Pluche, The Spectacle of Nature (1750)
  6. From Voltaire, “Final Causes,” Philosophical Dictionary (1764)

Appendix C: Humanistic Contexts

  1. From Voltaire, We Must Take Sides (1772)
  2. James Boswell, On Voltaire (1764)

Select Bibliography


Eric Palmer is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania.

For a sample from our edition of Candide, click here. (Opens as a PDF.)