Grammar By Diagram – Second Edition
Understanding English Grammar Through Traditional Sentence Diagraming
  • Publication Date: July 10, 2006
  • ISBN: 9781551117782 / 1551117789
  • 456 pages; 7½" x 9¼"

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Grammar By Diagram – Second Edition

Understanding English Grammar Through Traditional Sentence Diagraming

  • Publication Date: July 10, 2006
  • ISBN: 9781551117782 / 1551117789
  • 456 pages; 7½" x 9¼"

This book can be purchased on its own or in a discounted package with the Grammar By Diagram Workbook. If you wish to order the package, please contact us at Customer Service or place the order through your bookstore using ISBN 978-1-55402-925-9.

Grammar by Diagram, second edition is a book designed for anyone who wishes to improve grammatical understanding and skill. Using traditional sentence diagraming as a visual tool, the book explains how to expand simple sentences into compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences, and how to employ verbals (infinitives, gerunds, and participles) and other structures for additional variety.

The text addresses the most frequent usage errors by explaining how to distinguish between adjectives and adverbs; how to avoid problems of pronoun case, agreement, and consistency; how to ensure that verbs will agree with their subjects and will be appropriate in terms of tense, aspect, voice, and mood; and how to phrase sentences to avoid errors in parallelism or placement of modifiers. Six appendices incorporate further exercises, a summary of key basics from the text, and supplemental material not included in the body of the text but useful for quick reference. This new edition includes additional exercises and has been revised and updated throughout.


“Rejoice! After years of neglect, sentence diagraming can unapologetically return to college courses. Cindy Vitto’s Grammar by Diagram makes this a fruitful return by using diagraming first to lay bare the structural bones of English and then to demonstrate ways in which writers use these components to create effective sentences. Through diagraming, students see that a strong sentence is a purposefully structured unit and not a set of words aimlessly strung together. Thus Grammar by Diagram not only gives students skills for crafting better sentences but also tools for examining language with greater care.” — Candace Barrington, Central Connecticut State University, on Grammar by Diagram, second edition

Grammar by Diagram is a dream come true for me. I grew up academically on diagraming, and I have always thought it was one of the best ways for students to visualize the structure of the language.” — George Edward Stanley, Cameron University


CHAPTER 1 The Eight Parts of Speech
CHAPTER 2 Basic Sentence Patterns for Be and Linking Verbs
CHAPTER 3 Basic Sentence Patterns for Intransitive and Transitive Verbs
CHAPTER 4 Usage Problems Associated with Adjectives and Adverbs
CHAPTER 5 Combining and Expanding Patterns: Compound Structures
CHAPTER 6 Combining and Expanding Patterns: Complex Sentences with Noun Clauses
CHAPTER 7 Combining and Expanding Patterns: Complex Sentences with Adverb and Relative Clauses
CHAPTER 8 Usage Problems of Case, Agreement, and Consistency
CHAPTER 10 Verbals
CHAPTER 11 Usage Problems Associated with Verbs and Verbals
CHAPTER 12 Punctuation and Capitalization
CHAPTER 13 Sentence Transformations

Appendix 1 Additional Exercises (no answers provided)
Appendix 2 Verb Conjugations (See and Be)
Appendix 3 Irregular and Troublesome Verb Forms
Appendix 4 Summary of Clauses and Verbals
Appendix 5 Diagramming Summary
Appendix 6 Commonly Confused Words

Answer Key

Cindy L. Vitto is Professor of English at Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey.