First Philosophy II: Knowledge and Reality – Second Edition
Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy
  • Publication Date: July 8, 2011
  • ISBN: 9781551119731 / 1551119730
  • 360 pages; 7¾" x 9¼"
Exam Copy

Availability: Canada & the US

First Philosophy II: Knowledge and Reality – Second Edition

Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy

  • Publication Date: July 8, 2011
  • ISBN: 9781551119731 / 1551119730
  • 360 pages; 7¾" x 9¼"

First Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality brings together classic and ground-breaking readings on epistemology and the philosophy of science. Andrew Bailey’s highly regarded introductory anthology has been revised and updated in this new edition. The comprehensive introductory material for each chapter and selection remains, and new sections on philosophical puzzles and paradoxes and philosophical terminology have been added. New readings include Edmund Gettier on justified true belief, Wesley Salmon on induction, and Helen Longino on feminist science.

First Philosophy is also available in complete and concise editions, which cover a full range of introductory philosophical topics.

Also available:


Praise for the first edition:

“I would recommend First Philosophy to anyone teaching an introductory philosophy course.” — Paul Churchland, University of California, San Diego

“This is an extremely well-done philosophy text. … [It] should become a standard in introductory philosophy classes.” — Patricia Blanchette, University of Notre Dame

First Philosophy has a good selection of articles for my purposes, and the accompanying introductory background material is absolutely brilliant.” — Jillian Scott McIntosh, Simon Fraser University

“The introductions are fabulous; students find them very helpful. Overall, First Philosophy is an excellent anthology for first-year students; the text has made my job significantly easier.” — Jennifer M. Phillips, Indiana University, Bloomington

“Bailey’s extensive and informative introductions are excellent and are a great help to both students and instructors. Bailey’s choice of readings along with his wonderful introductions make First Philosophy the best introductory philosophy text I have used.” — Marc Ereshefsky, University of Calgary

“The main difference between other anthologies and First Philosophy is Bailey’s supplementary material, which is excellent. The explicative material is likewise excellent: clear, highly relevant, useful, easily understood. The wonderful supplementary material makes this a very good text indeed.” — Jeff Foss, University of Victoria

First Philosophy combines a great selection of texts with thoughtful, accessible introductory material. It’s a wonderful, perfectly pitched introduction to the discipline for lower division students. It is always my first choice when I’m teaching ‘Intro.’” — Shannon Dea, University of Waterloo

How to Use This Book

Suggestions for Abridgement

Chapter 1: Philosophy

What Is Philosophy?

A Brief Introduction to Arguments

Introductory Tips on Reading and Writing Philosophy

Chapter 2: Epistemology—Is the External World the Way It Appears to Be?

Introduction to the Question

René Descartes

Meditations on First Philosophy: In which are demonstrated the existence of God and the distinction between the human soul and the body

John Locke

from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

George Berkeley

Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous, First Dialogue

Immanuel Kant

Critique of Pure Reason, Introduction

Bertrand Russell

The Problems of Philosophy, Chapters 1-3

G.E. Moore

“Proof of an External World”

Edmund L. Gettier

“Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?”

Lorraine Code

“Is the Sex of the Knower Epistemologically Significant?”

Chapter 3: Philosophy of Science—When, if Ever, Are Scientific Inferences Justified?

Introduction to the Question

David Hume

from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Sections IV and V

Nelson Goodman

Fact, Fiction, and Forecast: “The New Riddle of Induction”

Carl Hempel

from “Scientific Inquiry: Invention and Test”

Karl Popper

“Science: Conjectures and Refutations”

Wesley Salmon

“Unfinished Business: The Problem of Induction”

C.S. Peirce

“The Fixation of Belief”

Thomas Kuhn

“Objectivity, Value Judgment, and Theory Choice”

Helen Longino

“Can There Be a Feminist Science?”

Appendix 1: Philosophical Puzzles and Paradoxes

Appendix 2: Philosophical Lexicon

Image Credits


Sources for Quotations

Andrew Bailey is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Philosophy, University of Guelph.

Robert M. Martin is Professor of Philosophy (retired), Dalhousie University.

First Philosophy offers companion sites and extra content for both instructors and students.

The instructor site features teaching notes on many authors, suggested essay topics, and questions for discussion, as well as multiple-choice review questions on each of the book’s readings, which can be downloaded as Word files or in a digital format that can be uploaded to many Learning Management Systems (Blackboard, Moodle, etc.). An access code to the website is included with all examination copies.

The student companion site has additional readings, interactive self-test quizzes, materials on writing about philosophy, and sample essays. An access code to the website is included with all new copies. If you purchased a used copy or are missing your passcode for this site, please click here to purchase a code online.

Sample Reading from First Philosophy II: Knowledge and Realities (opens as PDF)
David Hume, from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

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