First Philosophy III: God, Mind, and Freedom – Second Edition
Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy
  • Publication Date: July 8, 2011
  • ISBN: 9781551119748 / 1551119749
  • 382 pages; 7¾" x 9¼"

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First Philosophy III: God, Mind, and Freedom – Second Edition

Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy

  • Publication Date: July 8, 2011
  • ISBN: 9781551119748 / 1551119749
  • 382 pages; 7¾" x 9¼"

First Philosophy: God, Mind, and Freedom brings together classic and ground-breaking readings on metaphysics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of religion. Andrew Bailey’s highly regarded introductory anthology has been revised and updated in this new edition. The comprehensive introductory material for each chapter and selection remains, and new sections on philosophical puzzles and paradoxes and philosophical terminology have been added. New to this edition are readings from Alvin Plantinga, Frank Jackson, David Chalmers, A.J. Ayer, Bernard Williams, and Thomas Nagel.

First Philosophy is also available in complete and concise editions, which cover a full range of introductory philosophical topics.

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Praise for the first edition:

“I would recommend First Philosophy to anyone teaching an introductory philosophy course.” — Paul Churchland, University of California, San Diego

“This is an extremely well-done philosophy text. … [It] should become a standard in introductory philosophy classes.” — Patricia Blanchette, University of Notre Dame

First Philosophy has a good selection of articles for my purposes, and the accompanying introductory background material is absolutely brilliant.” — Jillian Scott McIntosh, Simon Fraser University

“The introductions are fabulous; students find them very helpful. Overall, First Philosophy is an excellent anthology for first-year students; the text has made my job significantly easier.” — Jennifer M. Phillips, Indiana University, Bloomington

“Bailey’s extensive and informative introductions are excellent and are a great help to both students and instructors. Bailey’s choice of readings along with his wonderful introductions make First Philosophy the best introductory philosophy text I have used.” — Marc Ereshefsky, University of Calgary

“The main difference between other anthologies and First Philosophy is Bailey’s supplementary material, which is excellent. The explicative material is likewise excellent: clear, highly relevant, useful, easily understood. The wonderful supplementary material makes this a very good text indeed.” — Jeff Foss, University of Victoria

First Philosophy combines a great selection of texts with thoughtful, accessible introductory material. It’s a wonderful, perfectly pitched introduction to the discipline for lower division students. It is always my first choice when I’m teaching ‘Intro.’” — Shannon Dea, University of Waterloo

How to Use This Book

Suggestions for Abridgement

Chapter 1: Philosophy

What Is Philosophy?
A Brief Introduction to Arguments
Introductory Tips on Reading and Writing Philosophy

Chapter 2: Philosophy of Religion—Does God Exist?

Introduction to the Question
St. Anselm of Canterbury

  • Proslogion, Preface and Chapters 2–5
    Pro Insipiente (“On Behalf of the Fool”), by Gaunilo of Marmoutiers
    Anselm’s Reply to Gaunilo

St. Thomas Aquinas

  • Summa Theologiae, Part I, Question 2, The Existence of God (In Three Articles)

David Hume

  • from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Gottfried Leibniz

  • Theodicy: Abridgement of the Argument Reduced to Syllogistic Form

J.L. Mackie

  • “Evil and Omnipotence”

William James

  • “The Will to Believe”

Alvin Plantinga

  • “Is Belief in God Properly Basic?”

Chapter 3: Philosophy of Mind—What Is the Place of Mind in the Physical World?

Introduction to the Question

Gilbert Ryle

  • The Concept of Mind: Descartes’s Myth

J.J.C. Smart

  • “Sensations and Brain Processes”

Hilary Putnam

  • “The Nature of Mental States”

John R. Searle

  • “Minds, Brains and Programs”

Paul Churchland

  • “Eliminative Materialism and the Propositional Attitudes”

Thomas Nagel

  • “What Is It Like to Be a Bat?”

Frank Jackson

  • from “Epiphenomenal Qualia”
    from “What Mary Didn’t Know”

David Chalmers

  • “The Puzzle of Conscious Experience”

Chapter 4: Metaphysics—Do We Have Free Will?

Introduction to the Question

Paul Rée

  • The Illusion of Free Will, Chapters 1 and 2

C.A. Campbell

  • On Selfhood and Godhood, Lecture IX, “Has the Self Free Will?”

A.J. Ayer

  • “Freedom and Necessity”

Daniel Dennett

  • “On Giving Libertarians What They Say They Want”

Bernard Williams and Thomas Nagel

  • “Moral Luck”

Appendix 1: Philosophical Puzzles and Paradoxes

Appendix 2: Philosophical Lexicon

Image Credits


Sources for Quotations

Andrew Bailey is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Philosophy, University of Guelph.

Robert M. Martin is Professor of Philosophy (retired), Dalhousie University.

First Philosophy offers companion sites and extra content for both instructors and students.

The instructor site features teaching notes on many authors, suggested essay topics, and questions for discussion, as well as multiple-choice review questions on each of the book’s readings, which can be downloaded as Word files or in a digital format that can be uploaded to many Learning Management Systems (Blackboard, Moodle, etc.). An access code to the website is included with all examination copies.

The student companion site has additional readings, interactive self-test quizzes, materials on writing about philosophy, and sample essays. An access code to the website is included with all new copies. If you purchased a used copy or are missing your passcode for this site, please click here to purchase a code online.

Sample introduction from First Philosophy III: God, Mind, and Freedom

Davie Hume, from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (opens as a PDF).

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