Business in Ethical Focus
An Anthology
  • Publication Date: June 19, 2008
  • ISBN: 9781551116617 / 1551116618
  • 648 pages; 7¾" x 9¼"
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Availability: Worldwide

Business in Ethical Focus

An Anthology

  • Publication Date: June 19, 2008
  • ISBN: 9781551116617 / 1551116618
  • 648 pages; 7¾" x 9¼"

Business in Ethical Focus is a compilation of classical and contemporary essays on business ethics. Approximately 50 essays are organized into five units: Corporate Social Responsibility; Rights and Obligations of Employees and Employers; Justice and Fair Practice; Distributive Justice; and Advertising, Marketing, and the Consumer.

Readers will become acquainted with seminal ideas from important thinkers such as Milton Friedman on corporate social responsibility and Amartya Sen on whether business ethics makes economic sense. They will also find classic readings on distributive justice by Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Karl Marx, John Rawls, and Robert Nozick. Other topics include drug testing, sexual harassment, environmental responsibility, bribery, and ethical issues in advertising and marketing.

The editors provide thoughtful commentary, case studies, and study questions for each unit, enabling readers to clearly understand the growing discipline of business ethics.


“This anthology from Fritz Allhoff and Anand J. Vaidya is the most comprehensive I have ever seen in my 30 plus years in the field. Diverse students will relish this replacement for boring textbooks. Moreover, it belongs on the bookshelf of any serious applied ethics scholar.” — Gregory A. Daneke, Chair in Business Ethics, University of Calgary and Professor, Arizona State University

Business in Ethical Focus could just as easily have been entitled Ethics in Business Focus as the volume provides a truly integrative view of the role that each plays in the other. The anthology contains an insightful collection of historical and contemporary ‘classics,’ examining a broad range of internal and external ethical challenges we all face in today’s complex organizational world. Combined with a series of short cases and thoughtful section introductions by the editors, the volume provides the reader with a solid foundation in business ethics that will facilitate a much needed questioning about the critical role that morality must play within the global business world. It is a wonderful reader that will be very useful in a broad range of courses.” — Anthony F. Buono, Professor of Management & Sociology, Bentley College and Coordinator, Bentley Alliance for Ethics & Social Responsibility

“It is all here in this volume. All the famous names from the ancients like Aristotle and the Buddha to all the important contemporary thinkers. This book gives the student easy access to the key debates between different philosophies as well as to the debates on current hot topics. A fascinating resource for anyone interested in corporate social responsibility or business ethics.” — Colin Fisher, Professor of Mangaerial Ethics and Values, Nottingham Trent University

Preliminaries: Why Study Business Ethics?
Anand Vaidya and Fritz Allhoff, “Volume Introduction”

  • Foundational Issues
    1. Anand Jayprakash Vaidya, “Ill-Founded Criticisms of Business Ethics”
    2. Amartya Sen, “Does Business Ethics Make Economic Sense?”
  • Systems of Moral Evaluation
    1. Heather Salazar, “Kantian Business Ethics”
    2. Rita C. Manning, “Caring as an Ethical Perspective”
    3. Karin Brown, “Buddhist Ethics”
    4. Richard M. Glatz, “Aristotelian Virtue Ethics and the Recommendations of Morality”
    5. David Meeler, “Utilitarianism”

Unit 1: Corporate Social Responsibility
Anand Vaidya, “Corporate Social Responsibility”

  • The Central Debate
    1. Milton Friedman, “The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits”
    2. R. Edward Freeman, “A Stakeholder Theory of the Modern Corporation”
    3. John Hasnas, “The Normative Theories of Business Ethics: A Guide for the Perplexed”
    4. George G. Brenkert, “Private Corporations and Public Welfare”
    5. Joseph Heath, “Business Ethics Without Stakeholders”
  • Globalization and Its Ethical Significance
    1. Thomas Donaldson, “The Ethics of Risk in the Global Economy”
    2. Manuel Velasquez, “International Business, Morality, and the Common Good”
    3. Ian Maitland, “The Great Non-Debate Over International Sweatshops”
    4. Thomas Donaldson, “Values in Tension: Ethics Away from Home”
    5. Don Mayer and Anita Cava, “Ethics and the Gender Equality Dilemma for US Multinationals”
  • Environmental Responsibility
    1. Mark Sagoff, “At the Monument to General Meade, or On the Difference Between Beliefs and Benefits”
    2. Kristin Shrader-Frechette, “A Defense of Risk-Cost-Benefit Analysis”
    3. Deborah C. Poff, “Reconciling the Irreconcilable: The Global Economy and the Environment”
    4. Tibor R. Machan, “Environmentalism Humanized”

Case Study 1: Actions Speak Louder than Words: Rebuilding Malden Mills
Case Study 2: Charity Begins at Home: Nepotism

Unit 2: Rights and Obligations of Employees and Employers
Anand Vaidya, “Rights and Obligations of Employees and Employers”

  • Employment at Will
    1. Patricia H. Werhane and Tara J. Radin, “Employment at Will and Due Process”
    2. Richard A. Epstein, “In Defense of the Contract at Will”
  • Whistleblowing
    1. Richard T. De George, “Whistleblowing”
    2. Robert A. Larmer, “Whistleblowing and Employee Loyalty”
  • Drug Testing
    1. Joseph DesJardins and Ronald Duska, “Drug Testing in Employment”
    2. Michael Cranford, “Drug Testing and the Right to Privacy: Arguing the Ethics of Workplace Drug Testing”
  • Safety in the Workplace
    1. Anita M. Superson, “The Employer-Employee Relationship and the Right to Know”
    2. Tibor R. Machan, “Human Rights, Workers’ Rights, and the ‘Right’ to Occupational

Case Study 3: Lifestyles and Your Livelihood: Getting Fired in America
Case Study 4: E-Mail and Privacy: A Novel Approach

Unit 3: Justice and Fair Practice
Anand Vaidya, “Justice and Fair Practice”

  • Affirmative Action
    1. Metro Broadcasting, Inc. v. FCC, 497 U.S. 547 (1990)
    2. Edwin C. Hettinger, “What Is Wrong with Reverse Discrimination?”
    3. Louis P. Pojman, “The Moral Status of Affirmative Action”
  • Sexual Harassment
    1. Edmund Wall, “The Definition of Sexual Harassment”
    2. Anita M. Superson, “A Feminist Definition of Sexual Harassment”
    3. Stephen Griffith, “Sexual Harassment and the Rights of the Accused”
  • Bluffing in Business
    1. Albert Z. Carr, “Is Business Bluffing Ethical?”
    2. Thomas Carson, “Second Thoughts about Bluffing”
    3. Fritz Allhoff, “Business Bluffing Reconsidered”
  • Bribery and Exploitation
    1. Bill Shaw, “Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: A Legal and Moral Analysis”
    2. Jeffrey A. Fadiman, “A Traveler’s Guide to Gifts and Bribes”

Case Study 5: Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
Case Study 6: The Ethics of Bluffing: Oracle’s Takeover of PeopleSoft

Unit 4 Distributive Justice
Fritz Allhoff, “Distributive Justice”

  • Classical Theories of Contracts, Property, and Capitalism
    1. Thomas Hobbes, Excerpts from Leviathan
    2. John Locke, Excerpts from The Second Treatise of Human Government
    3. Adam Smith, Excerpts from An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
    4. Karl Marx, “Estranged Labor”
  • Contemporary Theories of Distribution and Property
    1. John Rawls, Excerpts from A Theory of Justice
    2. Robert Nozick, Excerpts from Anarchy, State and Utopia
    3. Kai Nielsen, “A Moral Case for Socialism”
    4. G.A. Cohen, “Illusions About Private Property and Freedom”
  • Intellectual Property
    1. Edwin C. Hettinger, “Justifying Intellectual Property”
    2. Lynn Sharp Paine, “Trade Secrets and the Justification of Intellectual Property: A Comment on

Case Study 7: Intellectual Property Across National Borders
Case Study 8: Copy That, Red Leader: Is File-Sharing Piracy?

Unit 5 Advertising, Marketing, and the Consumer
Anand Vaidya, “Advertising, Marketing, and the Consumer”

  • Truth and Deception in Advertising
    1. Tibor R. Machan, “Advertising: The Whole Truth or Only Some of the Truth?”
    2. John Waide, “The Making of Self and World in Advertising”
  • Creation of Desire in Advertising
    1. Roger Crisp, “Persuasive Advertising, Autonomy, and the Creation of Desire”
    2. Robert L. Arrington, “Advertising and Behavior Control”
  • Is Targeting Ethical?
    1. Lynn Sharp Paine, “Children as Consumers: An Ethical Evaluation of Children’s Television
    2. George G. Brenkert, “Marketing to Inner-City Blacks: PowerMaster and Moral Responsibility”

Case Study 9: Nestlé and Advertising: An Ethical Analysis
Case Study 10: Children and Targeting: Is it Ethical?


Anand Jayprakash Vaidya is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at San José State University. He has edited several volumes on business and professional ethics.