Table of Contents

PREFACE

CHAPTER 1
POLITICS AND IDEOLOGY IN THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY

INTRODUCTION

  • Civil Conflict and the War with France
    The Plague
    The Peasant’s Revolt
    The Merciless Parliament and Its Repercussions
    The Lancasters

DOCUMENTS

  • Edward III Makes Ready for War (1337)
    Close Roll (1337)
    Statutes of the Realm (1340)
    The Battle of Poitiers. Henry Knighton (1346)
    The Plague. Henry Knighton (1348-50)
    The Plague and Its Aftermath. Henry Knighton (1349)
    Statute of Laborers (1351)
    Alice Perrers. Thomas Walsingham (late 14thc)
    The Poll Tax (1380)
    John Ball. Thomas Walsingham (1381)
    The Burning of the Savoy. Thomas Walsingham (1381)
    The King’s Dire Straits. Thomas Walsingham (1381)
    The Death of Wat Tyler. Thomas Walsingham (1381)
    Richard’s Words to the People. Thomas Walsingham (1381)
    Proclamation for Keeping the Peace within the City (1381)
    Letter from Richard Revoking Their Liberties. Thomas Walsingham (1381)
    John Ball Letters (1381)
    A Censure of the Mendicant Friars. Thomas Walsingham (late 14thc)
    The Merciless Parliament (1388)
    Deposition of Richard II (1399)
    Henry IV’s words to Richard II, upon Richard’s Abdication. Froissart (1399)
    Coronation of Bolingbroke (1399)
    Death of Richard II. Froissart (1400)
    St. Joan’s Appearance to Deliver France (1429)

CHAPTER 2
“FROM EVERY SHIRES ENDE”: THE STRUCTURE OF SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION

  • The Three Estates
    Social Conflict and Social Change
    The Situation of Women
    The Anti-Feminist Tradition

DOCUMENTS

  • The Treatise on the Laws and Customs of the Realm of England Commonly Called Glanville (12thc)
    The Sumptuary Laws of 1363 and 1463
    Apprenticeship Contracts (13thc)
    The Oath for the Issue of Apprentices (15thc)
    The Petition of the Tailors against Nicholas Brembre (1386)
    On Amazons
    Men, Women, Wives, Husbands, and Servants. Bartholomew Anglicus (trans. 1397)
    The Ballad of the Tyrannical Husband (15thc)
    Chaucer and the Raptus of Cecily Chaumpaigne (1380)
    Widows and Clerical Anti-Feminism. Christine de Pizan (1405)
    Fourteenth-Century Court Cases Involving Women
    First Epistle to the Corinthians (1388)
    “The Wife Is Subject to the Husband.” John Wyclif (c. 1378 and 1384)
    The Clerical Tradition on Women

CHAPTER 3
“OF METE AND DRYNK”: DAILY LIFE IN MEDIEVAL ENGLAND

INTRODUCTION

  • Medieval London
    Getting Around
    The Country
    Daily Activities
    Food and Drink
    Medieval Money

DOCUMENTS

  • Coroners’ Cases and Court Cases (14thc)
    Of Swine, Bawds, Thieves, and Courtesans (14thc)
    The Goodman’s Instructions on Hosting, Cooking, and Serving (1392-94)
    A Feast Fit for a King (14thc)
    Letters from the Pastons (15thc)
    On Manners (15thc)

CHAPTER 4
“HOOLY THOUGHT AND WERK”: RELIGIOUS LIFE, RITUAL, AND PRAYER

INTRODUCTION

  • Popular Religion and Daily Life
    The Clerical Hierarchy
    Anti-Semitism
    Religious Orders and Religious Professionals
    Corruption and Anticlericalism

DOCUMENTS

  • From On Christian Doctrine. St. Augustine (c. 396-427)
    “Religious Symbolism.” William Durandus (1286)
    “The Lives of Spiritual Women.” The Ancrene Wisse (13thc)
    “Interpretations of Biblical Verse on the Conduct of Women.” The Ancrene Wisse (13thc)
    Alma Redemptoris Mater (11thc)
    A Myrour to Lewde Men and Wymmen (14thc)
    “Against Pilgrimage.” Lollardist Treatise (14thc)
    Margery Kempe’s Pilgrimage to Rome and Jerusalem. Margery Kempe (c. 1436-38)
    “The Two Powers.” Hugh of St. Victor (1134)
    A Punishment for Lollardy (1389)
    “Epistola 391: On the Jews.” Bernard of Clairvaux (early 12thc)
    The Murder of Hugh of Lincoln. Matthew of Paris (1255)
    The Papal Bull Defending the Jews. Gregory X (1272)
    Vox Clamantis. John Gower (c. 1380s)
    On the Pope. John Wyclif (1370s)
    Bull of Pope Gregory XI, Against John Wycliffe (1384)
    Twelve Conclusions of the Lollards (1395)
    Against Confession. Lollard Treatise (1394)
    “The Case for Translation.” John Wyclif (1370s)
    On Biblical Translation. Lollard Treatise (early 15thc)
    The Constitutions of Archbishop Arundel Against the Lollards (1409)

CHAPTER 5
“TROUTHE AND HONOUR, FREEDOM AND CURTEISIE”: WAR, PAGEANTRY, AND THE KNIGHTHOOD

INTRODUCTION

  • The Origins of Chivalry
    Chivalry and Courtly Love
    Practicing Knighthood
    Chivalric Orders
    Warfare and the Crusades
    Class Antagonism

DOCUMENTS

  • The Book of the Order of Chivalry. Ramon Llull (c. 1276, trans. 1484)
    The Tree of Battles. Honoré Bonet (1387)
    Letter of Othea to Hector. Christine de Pizan (1399-1400)
    The Art of Courtly Love. Andreas Capellanus (1184-86)
    The Book of Chivalry. Geoffroi de Charny (c. 1350)
    The Jousts in Smithfield. The Brut, or Chronicles of England (1388)
    Free Companies. Froissart (c. 1356)
    The Black Prince’s Revenge on Limoges. Froissart (1370)
    Order of the Garter. Froissart (1344)
    The Condemnation of the Templars (1312)
    Statute on Livery and Maintenance (1390)
    The Defender of Peace. Marsilius of Padua (1324)
    The Conquest of Alexandria. Petrarch (1365)
    The Capture of Alexandria. Guillaume de Machaut (after 1369)
    Relations with the Franks. Ousama Ibn Mounkidh (12thc)
    From Vox Clamantis. John Gower (c. 1380s)
    The Two Ways. John Clanvowe (late 14thc)
    Epilogue to the Book of the Order of Chivalry. William Caxton (1484)

CHAPTER 6
“GLADLY WOLDE HE LERNE AND GLADLY TECHE”: READING, LITERACY, AND EDUCATION

INTRODUCTION

  • Education
    The Medieval Commentary Tradition
    Humanism
    The Arrival of the Printing Press

DOCUMENTS

  • The Boke of Curtasye (c. 1460)
    A Fifteenth Century School Book (late 15thc)
    Aristotle’s ABC (early 15thc)
    Morale Scolarium. John of Garland (13thc)
    Rules of the University of Paris (c. 1215)
    Studies Necessary Before Admission as a Master of Arts, 1431
    The Statutes of New College, Oxford (1400)
    The Study of the French Language and English Law at Oxford (1432)
    The Commons Protest Against the Misbehaviour of the Scholars and Clerks of Oxford (1421)
    Letter to Can Grande. Dante (early 14thc)
    The Philobiblon. Richard de Bury (14thc)
    Genealogy of the Gentile Gods. Giovanni Boccaccio (1360-74)
    The Prologues and Epilogues. William Caxton (15thc)

CHAPTER 7
“MAGYK NATUREEL”: SCIENCE, MEDICINE, PSYCHOLOGY, AND ALCHEMY

INTRODUCTION

  • Medieval Science: Theory and Practice
    The Elements
    The Humours and Human Temperament

DOCUMENTS

  • On the Natural Faculties. Galen (170)
    Of the Four Complexions (14thc)
    Of the Science of Physiognomy from the Secreta Secretorum (1422)
    An Arab Opinion of the Crusaders’ Medicine (12thc)
    A Lollard View on Bodily and Spiritual Blindness (14thc-15thc)
    From De Coitu (On Intercourse). Constantinus Africanus (11thc)
    From On the Properties of Things. Bartholomew Anglicus (13thc)
    Various Remedies. Gilbertus Anglicus (13thc)
    On Lycanthropia (6th c)
    Two Medical Cases (late 14thc)
    On Natural Magic (16thc)
    On Animals (12thc and 13thc)
    From The Ordinal of Alchemy. Thomas Norton (1477)
    “On Dreams.” Macrobius (c. 395-423)

CHAPTER 8
“TO FLAUNDRES WOL I GO”: INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCES AND EXCHANGES

INTRODUCTION

  • Late Medieval Conceptions of the World
    England and the Continent
    The Stranger in Their Midst

DOCUMENTS

  • Information for Pilgrims (c. 1500)
    From Mandeville’s Travels (1356-57?)
    On Various Countries. Bartholomew Anglicus (13thc)
    From The Libelle of English Policy (15thc)
    Court Cases (14thc)
    The Murder of Janus Imperial (1379)
    The Rights of Aliens and the Petition of the Hansards (1389)
    The Massacre of the Flemish (1381)
    Mandate of Payment to Geoffrey Chaucer (11 November 1373)

BIBLIOGRAPHY
SOURCES

Posted on October 29, 2015