Table of Contents



Introduction to The Renaissance and the Early Seventeenth Century
Scientific Inquiry
The Reformation in England
Wales, Scotland, Ireland
Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I
Elizabeth I and Gender
Homoeroticism and Transgendering
Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
“The Round Earth’s Imagined Corners”
The Stuarts and the Civil Wars
Literary Genres
Literature in Prose, and the Development of Print Culture
The Drama
The English Language in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

History of the Language and of Print Culture

The Tunning of Elinour Rumming
To Mistress Isabell Pennell
To Mistress Margaret Hussey
Philip Sparrow

Utopia: The Best State of a Commonwealth and the New Island of Utopia
Thomas More to Peter Giles
Book 1
Book 2
Chapter 1
Chapter 2: The Cities, and Especially Amaurote
Chapter 3: The System of Local Government
Chapter 4: Crafts and Occupations
Chapter 5: Their Dealings With One Another
Chapter 6: Traveling
Chapter 7: Slavery
Chapter 8: Warfare
Chapter 9: The Religions in Utopia
In Context: Illustration of Utopia
In Context: Utopian Language
In Context: Poems in the Utopian Tongue
from A Dialogue of Comfort Against Tribulation
Part 2, Chapter 14
Part 2, Chapter 16
Part 3, Chapter 10
Response to Luther
The “Tower Correspondence”
To Margaret Roper (April/May 1534)
To Margaret Roper (May 1534)
To Margaret Roper (2 or 3 May 1535)
To Margaret Roper (3 June 1535)
To Margaret Roper (5 July 1535)
In Context: Thomas More
Erasmus’s Description of More
Roper’s Description of More’s Death

Tyndale’s English Bible, King James Bible, Geneva Bible, Douay-Rheims Bible
Genesis: Chapter 1
Matthew: Chapter 5

The Martyrdom of Anne Askew
from Anne Askew, “The First Examination of Anne Askew”
from John Foxe, Acts and Monuments of These Latter and Perilous Days
Anonymous, “I Am a Woman Poor and Blind”
from Thomas Cranmer, The Book of Common Prayer
The Solemnization of Matrimony
The Order for the Burial of the Dead
John Foxe
from John Foxe, Acts and Monuments of These Latter and Perilous Days
The Benefit and Invention of Printing
Bishop Ridley and Bishop Latimer
from Lady Margaret Hoby, Diaries
from Owen Felltham, Resolves

10 (“The long love that in my thought doth harbour”)
29 (“The pillar perished is whereto I leant”)
31 (“Farewell, Love, and all thy laws forever”)
38 (“Alas, madam, for stealing of a kiss”)
48 (“Vulcan begat me; Minerva me taught”)
60 (“Tagus, farewell, that westward with thy streams”)
80 (“They flee from me that sometime did me seek”)
94 (“Blame not my lute, for he must sound”)
109 (“My lute, awake! Perform the last”)
123 (“Whoso list his wealth and ease retain”)
Epistolary Satires
149 (“Mine own John Poyns, since ye delight to know”)
In Context: Epistolary Advice

Love, that Doth Reign and Live within My Thought
Set Me Whereas the Sun Doth Parch the Green
Alas! So All Things Now Do Hold Their Peace
So Cruel Prison How Could Betide
Wyatt Resteth Here
from Certain Books of Virgil’s Aeneis: Book 2

The Continental Background
Francesco Petrarch
from Rime Sparse
134 (“Pace non trovo et non o da far guerra”)
134 (“I find no peace and all my war is done”)
140 (“Love, that doth reign and live within my thought”)
140 (“Amor, che nel penser mio vive et regna”)
189 (“My galley charged with forgetfulness”)
189 (“Passa la nave mia colma d’oblio”)
190 (“Whoso list to hunt, I know where is a hind”)
190 (“Una candida cerva sopra l’erba”)
Gaspara Stampa
132 (“Quando io dimando nel mio pianto Amore”)
132 (“When in my weeping I inquire of Love”)
Joachim Du Bellay
113 (“Si nostre vie est moins qu’une journee”)
113 (“If this, our life, be less than but a day”)
Pierre de Ronsard
(“Je vouldroy bien richement jaunissant”)
(“I would in rich and golden coloured rain”)
(“Quand vous serez bien vielle, au soir a la chandelle”)
(“When you are very old, by candle’s flame”)
Samuel Daniel
from Delia
6 (“Fair is my love, and cruel as she’s fair”)
28 (“Raising my hopes on hills of high desire”)
33 (“When men shall find thy flower, thy glory pass”)
Michael Drayton
from Idea
6 (“How many paltry, foolish, painted things”)
61 (“Since there’s no help, come let us kiss and part”)
63 (“Truce, gentle Love, a parley now I crave”)
William Shakespeare
from Romeo and Juliet (Act 1, Scene 5)
Sir John Davies
from Gulling Sonnets
3 (“What eagle can behold her sun-bright eye”)
John Davies of Hereford
from The Scourge of Villany
(“If there were, oh! an Hellespont of cream”)
Richard Barnfield
from Cynthia
14 (“Here, hold this glove [this milk-white cheverel glove]”)
17 (“Cherry-lipped Adonis in his snowy shape”)
George Gascoigne
Gascoigne’s Lullaby
Ode (“Absence, hear thou my protestation”)

Lady Jane Grey to her Father, 9 February 1554
A Letter Written by the Lady Jane to her Sister Lady Katherine
A Certain Prayer of the Lady Jane in the Time of Her Trouble
Certain Pretty Verses Written by the Said Lady Jane With a Pin
In Context: Lady Jane Grey
from John Foxe, Acts and Monuments of These Latter and Perilous Days

from The Faerie Queene
Book 1
from Book 2
from Canto 12
from Book 3
Canto 6
In Context: The Redcrosse Knight
In Context: Christian Armor
from Paul’s Epistle to the Ephesians, 6.11-17 (Geneva Bible)
from Desiderius Erasmus, Enchiridion militis Christiani [Handbook of the Christian Soldier]
In Context: Spirituality and The Faerie Queene
Heading to the Song of Solomon (Geneva Bible)
from Amoretti
1 (“Happy ye leaves when as those lilly hands”)
3 (“The soverayne beauty which I doo admyre”)
6 (“Be nought dismayd that her unmoved mind”)
15 (“Ye tradefull Merchants, that with weary toyle”)
22 (“This holy season fit to fast and pray”)
26 (“Sweet is the Rose, but grows upon a brere”)
34 (“Lyke as a ship that through the Ocean wyde”)
37 (“What guyle is this, that those her golden tresses”)
54 (“Of this worlds Theatre in which we stay”)
64 (“Comming to kisse her lyps, [such grace I found]”)
67 (“Lyke as a huntsman after weary chace”)
68 (“Most glorious Lord of lyfe that on this day”)
69 (“The famous warriors of the anticke world”)
70 (“Fresh spring the herald of loves mighty king”)
74 (“Most happy letters fram’d by skilful trade”)
75 (“One day I wrote her name upon the strand”)
80 (“After so long a race as I have run”)
82 (“Joy of my life, full oft for loving you”)
89 (“Lyke as the Culver on the bared bough”)

from Astrophil and Stella
1 (“Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show”)
2 (“Not at first sight, nor with a dribbed shot”)
7 (“When nature made her chief work, Stella’s eyes”)
18 (“With what sharp checks I in myself am shent”)
20 (“Fly, fly, my friends, I have my death wound; fly!”)
21 (“Your words, my friend [right healthful caustics] blame”)
22 (“In highest way of heav’n the Sun did ride”)
23 (“The curious wits seeing dull pensiveness”)
24 (“Rich fools there be whose base and filthy heart”)
31 (“With how sad steps, O moon, thou climb’st the skies”)
39 (“Come, Sleep! O Sleep, the certain knot of peace”)
45 (“Stella oft sees the very face of woe”)
47 (“What, have I thus betrayed my liberty?”)
52 (“A strife is grown between Virtue and Love”)
61 (“Oft with true sighs, oft with uncalled tears”)
69 (“O joy too high for my low style to show!”)
71 (“Who will in fairest book of Nature know”)
The Defence of Poesy
In Context: The Abuse of Poesy
from Plato, The Republic, Book 2
from Stephen Gosson, The School of Abuse

To the Angel Spirit of the Most Excellent Sir Philip Sidney
from the Psalms of David
Psalm 52: Quid Gloriaris?
Psalm 58: Si Vere Utique
Psalm 74: Ut Quid, Deus
Psalm 120: Ad Dominum
Even now that care (To the Thrice Sacred Queen Elizabeth)

Written on a Wall at Woodstock
Written in Her French Psalter
The Doubt of Future Foes
On Monsieur’s Departure
When I was Fair and Young
To our most noble and virtuous Queen Katherine
To the Troops at Tilbury
Two letters from Elizabeth to Catherine de Bourbon
The Golden Speech
In Context: The Defeat of the Spanish Armada

from Izaak Walton, The Compleat Angler
from Nicholas Hilliard, A Treatise Concerning the Art of Limning
from A Letter to F.P. Verney from the Countess of Sussex
Oliver Cromwell, Instructions to his Painter, as Reported by George Vertue, Notebooks
Games and Pastimes
Selected Illustrations
Food and Drink
from An anonymous Venetian official traveling in England, A Relation, or Rather a True Account, of the Island of England
from Fynes Moryson, Itinerary
Selected Illustrations
from Sarah Longe, Mrs. Sarah Longe her Receipt Book
from William Harrison, Chronologie
Children and Education
Selected Illustrations
The Supernatural and the Miraculous
from Reginald Scot, The Discovery of Witchcraft
from George Gifford, A Discourse of the Subtle Practices of Devils by Witches and Sorcerers
from Joseph Hall, Characters of Virtues and Vices
from Sir John Harington, “Account of an Audience with King James I,” as recorded in Nugae Antiquae
from “A True Report of the late Horrible Murder Committed by William Sherwood”
Selected Illustrations
Print Culture
Selected Illustrations

Sonnet to Elizabeth (“A single thought that haunts me, day and night”)
(“Une seul penser qui me profite le jour et la nuit”)
Sonnets to Bothwell
(“O gods, have of me compassion” / “O Dieux ayez de moy compassion”)
(“In his hands and in his full power” / “Entre ses mains & en son plein pouvoir”)
(“And now she begins to see” / “Et maintenant elle commence a voir”)
(“You believe her [alas] I perceive it too well” / “Vous la croyez, las! trop je l’appercoy”)
from Letter Two
Letter Three
Letter Four
Letter Seven
Letter Eight

A Sonnet on Ticho Brahe
An Epitaph on Sir Philip Sidney
from A Speech to the Lords and Commons
from A Counterblast to Tobacco

To the Virtuous Reader
from Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum
“Eve’s Apology in Defense of Women”
The Description of Cooke-ham
To the Doubtful Reader

A Vision Upon This Conceit of the The Fairy Queen
Sir Walter Raleigh to His Son
The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd
The Lie
Nature That Washed Her Hands in Milk
from The Discovery of the Large, Rich, and Beautiful Empire of Guiana
Part 1, Preface
from Part 1
from Part 2
from Part 4
from Part 5
Letter to His Wife

from Anthony Jenkinson, “The Voyage of Master Anthony Jenkinson”
from Michel de Montaigne, “Of Cannibals”
from William Shakespeare, The Tempest
Elizabethan Adventurers
Selected Portraits
The English in Virginia, the Powhatans in London
from Arthur Barlow, “The first voyage made to the coasts of America”
Michael Drayton, “To the Virginian Voyage”
from John Smith, General History of Virginia and the Summer Isles
from John Rolfe, “Letter to Sir Thomas Dale”
from John Smith, General History of Virginia and the Summer Isles
Newfoundland “With Good Clothes On”
from Richard Whitbourne, A Discourse and Discovery of Newfoundland
Robert Hayman, “To My very Good friend Mr. John Poynts”
from “The Royal Charter for Incorporating the Hudson’s Bay Company”
from Mary Rowlandson, A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson

from Essays
Of Truth
Of Marriage and Single Life
Of Travel
Of Plantations
Of Studies (1597 version, original spelling)
Of Studies (1625 version, modernized)
Of Simulation and Dissimulation
Of Love
Of Masks and Triumphs
Of Death
from The New Atlantis

Hero and Leander
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus (The “A” Text)
In Context: Dr. Faustus
from Anonymous, The History of the Damnable Life, and Deserved Death of Dr. John Faustus
from Henricus Cornelius Agrippa, De Occulta Philosophia (Of Occult Philosophy)

1 (“From fairest creatures we desire increase”)
2 (“When forty winters shall besiege thy brow”)
12 (“When I do count the clock that tells the time”)
15 (“When I consider everything that grows”)
16 (“But wherefore do not you a mightier way”)
18 (“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?”)
19 (“Devouring time, blunt thou the lion’s paws”)
20 (“A woman’s face with nature’ own hand painted”)
23 (“As an unperfect actor on the stage”)
29 (“When in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes”)
30 (“When to the sessions of sweet silent thought”)
33 (“Full many a glorious morning have I seen”)
35 (“No more be grieved at that which thou hast done”)
36 (“Let me confess that we two must be twain”)
55 (“Not marble, nor the gilded monuments”)
60 (“Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore”)
64 (“When I have seen by time’s fell hand defaced”)
65 (“Since brass, nor stone, nor earth, nor boundless sea”)
71 (“No longer mourn for me when I am dead”)
73 (“That time of year thou mayst in me behold”)
74 (“But be contented when that fell arrest”)
80 (“O how I faint when I of you do write”)
87 (“Farewell–thou art too dear for my possessing”)
93 (“So shall I live supposing thou art true”)
94 (“They that have power to hurt and will do none”)
97 (“How like a winter hath my absence been”)
98 (“From you have I been absent in the spring”)
105 (“Let not my love be called idolatry”)
106 (“When in the chronicle of wasted time”)
109 (“O never say that I was false of heart”)
110 (“Alas, ’tis true, I have gone here and there”)
116 (“Let me not to the marriage of true minds”)
117 (“Accuse me thus: that I have scanted all”)
127 (“In the old age black was not counted fair”)
128 (“How oft when thou, my music, music play’st”)
129 (“Th’expense of spirit in a waste of shame”)
130 (“My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun”)
135 (“Whoever hath her wish, thou hast thy Will”)
136 (“If thy soul check thee that I come so near”)
138 (“When my love swears that she is made of truth”)
143 (“Lo, as a careful housewife runs to catch”)
144 (“Two loves I have, of comfort and despair”)
147 (“My love is as a fever, longing still”)
153 (“Cupid laid by his brand, and fell asleep”)
154 (“The little love-god lying once asleep”)
King Lear
In Context: The Shakespearean Theater
The Swan Theatre
Titus Andronicus in Performance
The Plot of an Elizabethan Play
Early Editions of Shakespeare’s Plays
In Context: Sources of King Lear
Anonymous, The True Chronicle History of King Leir
from Raphael Holinshed, The Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland
In Context: Accounts of Shakespearean Performances
Simon Forman, “Book of Plays and Notes Thereof per Forman–for Common Policy”
Simon Forman, Account of a Performance of The Winter’s Tale
Simon Forman, Account of a Performance of Macbeth

from John Donne, Paradoxes and Problems
from Paradox 1: “A Defense of Women’s Inconstancy”
Paradox 6: “That it is Possible to Find Some Virtue in Some Women”
Problem 6: “Why Hath the Common Opinion Afforded Women Souls?”
from Joseph Swetnam, The Arraignment of Lewd, Idle, Forward, and Unconstant Women
from Rachel Speght, A Muzzle for Melastomus
from Esther Sowernam, Ester Hath Hanged Haman: An Answer To a Lewd Pamphlet, Entitled The Arraignment of Women
Chapter 2
Chapter 4
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Owen Felltham, “Of Woman,” from Resolves

To the Reader
To My Book
On Something that Walks Somewhere
To William Camden
On My First Daughter
To John Donne
On My First Son
On Lucy, Countess of Bedford
Inviting a Friend to Supper
To Penshurst
Song: To Celia
To the Memory of My Beloved, The Author, Mr. William Shakespeare, And What He Hath Left Us
Ode to Himself
My Picture Left in Scotland
To the Immortal Memory and Friendship of That Noble Pair, Sir Lucius Cary and Sir H. Morison
Karolin’s Song
Hymn to Cynthia
Clerimont’s Song
Volpone: or, The Fox
In Context: Sources for Volpone
from Aesop, Fables
from Thomas Wilson, Art of Rhetoric
from Horace, Satires, 2.5.48-63
from Lucian, Gallus
from Juvenal, Satires, Satire 10, 2.188-241; 2.434-456
In Context: Venice: Mountebacks and Courtesans
from Thomas Coryate, Crudities
from Timber, or, Discoveries
from Conversations with William Drummond of Hawthornden

from Songs and Sonnets
The Good-Morrow
Song (“Go, and catch a falling star”)
Woman’s Constancy
The Sun Rising
The Canonization
Song (“Sweetest love, I do not go”)
Air and Angels
Break of Day
The Anniversary
Twicknam Garden
A Valediction: of Weeping
The Flea
A Nocturnal upon St. Lucy’s Day, Being the Shortest Day
The Bait
The Apparition
A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
The Ecstacy
The Relic
from Elegies
Elegy 1: Jealousy
Elegy 8: The Comparison
Elegy 19: To His Mistress Going to Bed
from Satires
Satire 3 (“Kind pity chokes my spleen; brave scorn forbids”)
from Verse Letters
To Sir Henry Wotton
An Anatomy of the World
The First Anniversary
from Holy Sonnets
2 (“As due by many titles I resign”)
5 (“I am a little world made cunningly”)
6 (“This is my play’s last scene, here heavens appoint”)
7 (“At the round earth’s imagined corners, blow”)
9 (“If poisonous minerals, and if that tree”)
10 (“Death be not proud, though some have called thee”)
13 (“What if this present were the world’s last night?”)
14 (“Batter my heart, three personed God; for you”)
18 (“Show me, dear Christ, Thy spouse, so bright and clear”)
19 (“Oh, to vex me, contraries meet in one”)
Good Friday, 1613. Riding Westward
A Hymn to God the Father
from Devotions
Meditation 17

The Duchess of Malfi

from The Tragedy of Mariam

from Pamphilia to Amphilanthus
1 (“When night’s black mantle could most darkness prove”)
6 (“My pain, still smothered in my grieved breast”)
7 (“Love leave to urge, thou know’st thou hast the hand”)
13 (“Dear, famish not what you your self gave food”)
14 (“Am I thus conquered? have I lost the powers?”)
15 (“Truly poor Night thou welcome art to me”)
22 (“Like to the Indians, scorched with the sun”)
23 (“When every one to pleasing pastime hies”)
35 (“False hope which feeds but to destroy, and spill”)
from A Crown of Sonnets Dedicated to Love
77 (“In this strange labyrinth how shall I turn?”)
Railing Rhymes Returned upon the Author by Mistress Mary Wroth
In Context: The Occasion of “Railing Rhymes”
Edward Denny, Baron of Waltham, “To Pamphilia from the father-in-law of Seralius”

from Leviathan; Or the Matter, Form, & Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil
The Introduction
Chapter 13: Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning their Felicity and Misery

from The Distaff Gospels
from The Gospel of Dame Ysengrine du Glay
from Thomas Elyot, The Book Named The Governor
from Part 1: The signification of a public weal, and why it is called in Latin Republica
from Part 2: That one sovereign governor ought to be in a public weal, and what damage hath happened by lacking one sovereign governor
from Henry VIII and Thomas Cromwell, Acts Presented to Parliament
from The Preamble to the Act in Restraint of Appeals
from The Act of Supremacy
from John Ponet, A Short Treatise of Political Power
from Richard Hooker, Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity
Images of Elizabethan Authority
from James I, The True Law of Free Monarchies
from Robert Filmer, Observations Concerning the Original Government, Upon Mr. Hobbes’s Leviathan, etc.
from Margaret Fell, “Women’s Speaking Justified, Proved, and Allowed of By the Scriptures”

from The Knole Diary
1616 (May)
1617 (January)

The Argument of His Book
Delight in Disorder
His Farewell to Sack
Corinna’s Going A-Maying
To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
The Hock-Cart, or Harvest Home
Upon Julia’s Clothes

The Altar
Easter Wings
Affliction (1)
Prayer (1)
Jordan (1)
The Windows
Jordan (2)
The Bunch of Grapes
The Collar
The Pulley
The Flower
Love (3)

The Coronet
A Dialogue between the Soul and Body
The Nymph Complaining for the Death of Her Fawn
To His Coy Mistress
The Picture of Little T.C. in a Prospect of Flowers
The Mower against Gardens
Damon the Mower
The Garden
An Horation Ode Upon Cromwell’s Return from Ireland

A Married State
Upon the Double Murder of King Charles
On the Third of September, 1651
To My Excellent Lucasia, on Our Friendship
Friendship’s Mystery, To my Dearest Lucasia
On the Death of My First and Dearest Child, Hector Philips

Thomas Carew
The Spring
A Song
An Elegy Upon the Death of the Dean of Paul’s, Dr. John Donne
Sir John Suckling
A Ballad. Upon a Wedding
“Out upon it, I have loved”
Richard Lovelace
To Lucasta, Going to the Wars
To Althea, From Prison (Song)
William Strode
On Westwell Downs
On a Gentlewoman Walking in the Snow
Thomas Randolph
Upon the Loss of His Little Finger
Richard Corbett
Upon Fairford Windows
Edward Waller
Go, Lovely Rose!
Abraham Cowley
Of Wit
Henry Vaughan
The World
Richard Crashaw
Saint Mary Magdalene; or, The Weeper

The Compleat Angler, or, The Contemplative Man’s Recreation
Chapter 1: A Conference betwixt an Angler, a Falconer, and a Hunter, each Commending his Recreation

Il Penseroso
Sonnet 7 (“How soon hath Time the subtle thief of youth”)
Sonnet 16: To the Lord General Cromwell
Sonnet 18: On the Late Massacre in Piedmont
Sonnet 19 (“When I consider how my light is spent”)
Sonnet 23 (“Methought I saw my late espoused saint”)
Areopagitica: A Speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing, to the Parliament of England
from Paradise Lost
The Verse
Argument to Book 1
Book 1
Argument to Book 2
Book 2
Argument to Book 3
from Book 3
Argument to Book 4
from Book 4
Argument to Book 5
Argument to Book 6
Argument to Book 7
from Book 7
Argument to Book 8
Argument to Book 9
Book 9
Argument to Book 10
from Book 10
Argument to Book 11
Argument to Book 12
from Book 12
In Context: Illustrating Paradise Lost

Queen Henrietta Maria, “The Queen’s Letter Sent to the King’s Most Excellent Majesty from Holland”
Statement of Charles I to the High Court
The Death Warrant of Charles I
from Oliver Cromwell, Letters from Ireland
For the Honorable William Lenthal, 17 September 1649
from Eikon Basilike
4: Upon the Insolency of the Tumults
12: Upon the Rebellion, and Troubles in Ireland
19: Upon the Various Events of the War; Victories, and Defeats
John Milton, Eikonoklastes
12: Upon the Rebellion in Ireland
from Lucy Hutchinson, Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson
from Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England
[The Character of Cromwell–A Royalist Appraisal]
from Gerrard Winstanley, “A New Year’s Gift Sent to Parliament and Army”


Reading Poetry


Monarchs and Prime Ministers of Great Britain

Glossary of Terms

Texts and Contexts: A Chronological Chart


Permissions Acknowledgments

Index of First Lines

Index of Authors and Titles

Posted on October 29, 2015