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Professions in Ethical Focus 

Professions in Ethical Focus

An Anthology

Edited by: Fritz Allhoff & Anand J. Vaidya

Publication Date: August 30, 2008
520pp • Paperback
ISBN: 9781551116990 / 1551116995

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Ideal for accountants, engineers, journalists, lawyers, and physicians, this new collection presents what classical and contemporary thinkers have to say about ethical dilemmas in the professions.

The forty plus essays in The Professions in Ethical Focus are grouped together in five units, each representing a specific profession. "Ethics in Accounting and Finance" explores recent corporate scandals and discusses insider trading. "Engineering Ethics" examines the role of the engineer in society. The essays contained in "Journalistic Ethics" consider journalists' obligations and virtues, as well as discussions of privacy. The moral foundations of law are discussed in "Legal Ethics," and the virtues of medicine and the doctor-patient relationship are covered in the final section, "Medical Ethics."

Comments:

"Corporate accounting fraud, collapsing bridges and cranes, journalistic scandals about plagiarism and confidentiality and dramas at the nexus of law and medicine all raise important issues about the nature of the professions and their ethical foundations. To help inform our understanding of these matters, Fritz Allhoff and Anand Vaidya have assembled an important anthology, Professions in Ethical Focus, which collects seminal articles and new essays by leading authors into a single volume. This presentation allows readers to appreciate both the similarities across professions and the distinctiveness of each.  Challenging questions and instructive points emerge from this treatment. Do the morality and the character of each profession derive from a general sense of civic virtue or the distinctive social role of the profession? Are central professional commitments endemic to individual professions or invariant across them? In sum, this is a fascinating volume and a useful text for teaching about such issues." - Rosamond Rhodes, Mount Sinai School Of Medicine

"An extremely useful collection of classic pieces and recent works. While organized around five common professions, it also provides the opportunity to investigate themes—such as confidentiality or public responsibility—that arise in virtually every profession. It thus allows an integrated approach to professional ethics which is both pedagogically helpful and long overdue." - John Corvino, Wayne State University

Fritz Allhoff is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Western Michigan University and a Research Fellow in the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at The Australian National University. He has edited several volumes in the field of applied ethics.

Anand Jayprakash Vaidya is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at San José State University. He has edited several volumes on business and professional ethics.

Table of Contents: [Back to Top]

Preliminaries: Why Study Professional Ethics?
Fritz Allhoff and Anand Vaidya, "Volume Introduction"
Ernest Greenwood, "Attributes of a Profession"
Don Welch, "Just Another Day at the Office: The Ordinariness of Professional Ethics"
John T. Sanders, "Honor Among Thieves: Some Reflections on Professional Codes of Ethics"
Michael Davis, "Professional Responsibility: Just Following the Rules?"

Unit 1 Ethics in Accounting and Finance
Anand Vaidya, "Ethics in Accounting and Finance"

Accountants' Obligations and Virtues
Mohammad J. Abdolmohammadi and Mark R. Nixon, "Ethics in the Public Accounting Profession"
Domènec Melé, "Ethical Education in Accounting: Integrating Rules, Values, and Virtues"

Learning from Corporate Scandals
"The Lessons from Enron"
Howard Rockness and Joanne Rockness, "Legislated Ethics: From Enron to Sarbanes-Oxley, the Impact on Corporate America"
Catherine Gowthorpe and Oriol Amat, "Creative Accounting: Some Ethical Issues of Macro- and Micro-Manipulation"

Insider Trading
Patricia H. Werhane, "The Ethics of Insider Trading"
Tibor R. Machan, "What Is Morally Right with Insider Trading"
Richard L. Lippke, "Justice and Insider Trading"

Case Study: Earnings and Ethics: Thinking about Enron

Unit 2 Engineering Ethics
Brennan Jacoby, "Engineering Ethics"

The Moral Foundations of Engineering
Michael Davis, "Is There a Profession of Engineering?"
Michael S. Pritchard, "Responsible Engineering: The Importance of Character and Imagination"

The Role of the Engineer
Richard T. De George, "Ethical Responsibilities of Engineers in Large Organizations: The Pinto Case"
Linda Rush Frantz, "Engineering Ethics: The Responsibility of the Manager"
John Ladd, "Bhopal: An Essay on Moral Responsibility and Civic Virtue" 

Ethical Dilemmas in Engineering
Mike W. Martin, "Whistleblowing: Professionalism, Personal Life, and Shared Responsibility for Safety in Engineering"
Richard H. McCuen, "Engineering Research: Potential for Fraud"
Terry L. Turnick, "Public Versus Client InterestsAn Ethical Dilemma for the Engineer"
Vivian Weil, "Is Engineering Ethics Just Business Ethics? What Can Empirical Findings Tell Us?"

Case Study: The West Gate Bridge: Who Was Responsible?

Unit 3 Journalistic Ethics
Aaron Quinn, "Journalistic Ethics"

Journalists' Obligations and Virtues
David Detmer, "The Ethical Responsibilities of Journalists"
Lori Robertson, "Ethically Challenged"

Objectivity
Theodore L. Glasser, "Objectivity Precludes Responsibility"
Michael Ryan, "Journalistic Ethics, Objectivity, Existential Journalism, Standpoint Epistemology, and Public Journalism"
Aaron Quinn, "Accepting Manipulation or Manipulating What's Acceptable?"

Privacy
Samuel P. Winch, "Moral Justifications for Privacy and Intimacy"
Lee Wilkins, "Journalists and the Character of Public Officials/Figures"
Dennis F. Thompson, "Privacy, Politics, and the Press"
Judith Lichtenberg, "Truth, Neutrality, and Conflict of Interest"

Case Study: Breaking a Promise to Prevent a Lie

Unit 4 Legal Ethics
Fritz Allhoff, "Legal Ethics"

Lawyers' Obligations and Virtues
Monroe H. Freedman, "Professional Responsibility of the Criminal Defense Lawyer: The Three Hardest Questions"
David Luban, "The Adversary System Excuse"
Elliot D. Cohen, "Pure Legal Advocates and Moral Agents: Two Concepts of a Lawyer in an Adversary System"
Amy Gutmann, "Can Virtue Be Taught to Lawyers?"

Confidentiality between Lawyer and Client
Bruce M. Landesman, "Confidentiality and the Lawyer-Client Relationship"
Lee A. Pizzimenti, "Informing Clients About Limits to Confidentiality"

Is There a Duty to Represent?
Charles W. Wolfram, "A Lawyer's Duty to Represent Clients, Repugnant and Otherwise"
Kenneth Kipnis, "Responsibility for the Distribution of Legal Services"

Case Study: Willful Ignorance and the Limits of Advocacy

Unit 5 Medical Ethics
Fritz Allhoff, "Medical Ethics"

The Virtuous Physician and the Doctor-Patient Relationship
The Hippocratic Oath
Edmund D. Pellegrino, "The Virtuous Physician and the Ethics of Medicine"
Ezekiel J. Emanuel and Linda L. Emanuel, "Four Models of the Physician-Patient Relationship"

Trust and Confidentiality
David C. Thomasma, "Telling the Truth to Patients: A Clinical Ethics Exploration"
Mark Siegler, "Confidentiality in MedicineA Decrepit Concept"
Kenneth Kipnis, "A Defense of Unqualified Medical Confidentiality"

Informed Consent, Competence, and Surrogate Decision Making
Jay Katz, "Informed ConsentMust It Remain a Fairy Tale?"
Allen E. Buchanan and Dan W. Brock, "Standards of Competence"
Dan W. Brock, "Surrogate Decision Making for Incompetent Adults: An Ethical Framework"

Case Study: The Schiavo Case and End-of-Life Decisions



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Professions in Ethical Focus

2008 • 520pp • Paperback • 9781551116990 / 1551116995

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Broadview Press acknowledges the financial support of the Government of Canada through the Canada Book Fund, and also acknowledges the support of the Ontario Media Development Corporation. Freehand Books, an imprint of Broadview, acknowledges the support of the Canadian Council of the Arts.